Problem Gambling and Intimate Partner Violence A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Date
2014-12
Authors
Dowling, Nicki A
Suomi, Aino
Jackson, Alun C
Lavis, Tiffany
Patford, Janet
Cockman, Suzanne
Thomas, Shane A
Bellringer, Maria
Koziol-McLain, Jane
Battersby, Malcolm Wayne
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Rights
© The Author(s) 2014
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The Author(s)
Abstract
This study provides a systematic review of the empirical evidence related to the association between problem gambling and intimate partner violence (IPV). We identified 14 available studies in the systematic search (six for IPV victimisation and ten for IPV perpetration). Although there were some equivocal findings, we found that most of the available research suggests that there is a significant relationship between problem gambling and being a victim of IPV. There was more consistent evidence that there is a significant relationship between problem gambling and perpetration of IPV. Meta-analyses revealed that over one-third of problem gamblers report being victims of physical IPV (38.1%) or perpetrators of physical IPV (36.5%) and that the prevalence of problem gambling in IPV perpetrators is 11.3%. Although the exact nature of the relationships between problem gambling and IPV is yet to be determined, the findings suggest that less than full employment and clinical anger problems are implicated in the relationship between problem gambling and IPV victimisation and that younger age, less than full employment, clinical anger problems, impulsivity, and alcohol and substance use are implicated in the relationship between problem gambling and IPV perpetration. The findings highlight the need for treatment services to undertake routine screening and assessment of problem gambling, IPV, alcohol and substance use problems, and mental health issues, and provide interventions designed to manage this cluster of comorbid conditions. Further research is also required to investigate the relationship between problem gambling and violence that extends into the family beyond intimate partners.
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Citation
Dowling N, Suomi A, Jackson A, Lavis T, Patford J, Cockman S, Thomas S, Bellringer M, Koziol-Mclain J, Battersby M, Harvey P, Abbott M. Problem Gambling and Intimate Partner Violence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2016 Jan;17(1):43-61. doi: 10.1177/1524838014561269.