Compound Stimulus Presentation Does Not Deepen Extinction in Human Causal Learning

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Date
2017-02-09
Authors
Griffiths, Oren
Holmes, Nathan
Westbrook, R Fred
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Frontiers
Rights
Copyright © 2017 Griffiths, Holmes and Westbrook.
Rights Holder
Griffiths, Holmes and Westbrook.
Abstract
Models of associative learning have proposed that cue-outcome learning critically depends on the degree of prediction error encountered during training. Two experiments examined the role of error-driven extinction learning in a human causal learning task. Target cues underwent extinction in the presence of additional cues, which differed in the degree to which they predicted the outcome, thereby manipulating outcome expectancy and, in the absence of any change in reinforcement, prediction error. These prediction error manipulations have each been shown to modulate extinction learning in aversive conditioning studies. While both manipulations resulted in increased prediction error during training, neither enhanced extinction in the present human learning task (one manipulation resulted in less extinction at test). The results are discussed with reference to the types of associations that are regulated by prediction error, the types of error terms involved in their regulation, and how these interact with parameters involved in training.
Description
Copyright © 2017 Griffiths, Holmes and Westbrook. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Keywords
extinction, Pavlovian conditioning, animal conditioning, human learning, prediction error
Citation
Griffiths, O., Holmes, N., & Westbrook, R. F. (2017). Compound Stimulus Presentation Does Not Deepen Extinction in Human Causal Learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00120