Media multitasking, impulsivity and dual task ability

Thumbnail Image
Date
2018-11-09
Authors
Shin, Myoungju
Webb, Andrew
Kemps, Eva Bertha
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Elsevier
Abstract
With recent developments in technology, media multitasking is an ever-increasing phenomenon. Although most studies associate media multitasking with high impulsivity and poorer cognitive performance, findings in the literature have been mixed, with some studies suggesting the opposite. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between media multitasking and the capacity to exert inhibitory control, as well as the ability to multitask in a multisensory setting. Results showed that media multitasking was associated with high attentional impulsivity and lower initiatory self-control, but not with inhibitory self-control. Relatedly, heavy media multitaskers were slower and showed more omission errors on the go/no-go task, suggestive of inattention; however, they were better at inhibiting already initiated motoric responses in the stop signal task. Media multitasking was further associated with faster responses when a letter and a tone task were temporally separated, but not when they were presented closer in time. Taken together, the results suggest a more nuanced relationship between media multitasking, personality and cognitive ability than has previously been thought. This has important real life implications for media multitasking, showing both advantages and disadvantages.
Description
© 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ This author accepted manuscript is made available following 24 month embargo from date of publication (November 2018) in accordance with the publisher’s archiving policy
Keywords
Media multitasking, Impulsivity, Self-control, Dual task, Multisensory, Psychological refractory period (PRP)
Citation
Shin, M., Webb, A., & Kemps, E. (2019). Media multitasking, impulsivity and dual task ability. Computers in Human Behavior, 92, 160–168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.11.018