Can We Predict Burnout among Student Nurses? An Exploration of the ICWR-1 Model of Individual Psychological Resilience

Thumbnail Image
Rees, Clare S
Heritage, Brody
Osseiran-Moisson, Rebecca
Chamberlain, Diane Joy
Cusack, Lynette
Anderson, Judith
Terry, Victoria
Rogers, Cath
Hemsworth, David
Cross, Wendy
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Frontiers Media
Copyright © 2016 Rees, Heritage, Osseiran-Moisson, Chamberlain, Cusack, Anderson, Terry, Rogers, Hemsworth, Cross and Hegney.
Rights Holder
The Authors
The nature of nursing work is demanding and can be stressful. Previous studies have shown a high rate of burnout among employed nurses. Recently, efforts have been made to understand the role of resilience in determining the psychological adjustment of employed nurses. A theoretical model of resilience was proposed recently that includes several constructs identified in the literature related to resilience and to psychological functioning. As nursing students are the future of the nursing workforce it is important to advance our understanding of the determinants of resilience in this population. Student nurses who had completed their final practicum were invited to participate in an online survey measuring the key constructs of the ICWR-1 model. 422 students from across Australia and Canada completed the survey between July 2014 and July 2015. As well as several key demographics, trait negative affect, mindfulness, self-efficacy, coping, resilience, and burnout were measured. We used structural equation modeling and found support for the major pathways of the model; namely that resilience had a significant influence on the relationship between mindfulness, self-efficacy and coping, and psychological adjustment (burnout scores). Furthermore, as predicted, Neuroticism moderated the relationship between coping and burnout. Results are discussed in terms of potential approaches to supporting nursing students who may be at risk of burnout.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
resilience, students, burnout
Rees CS,HeritageB, Osseiran-Moisson R,ChamberlainD, CusackL,AndersonJ,TerryV, Rogers C,HemsworthD,CrossW and HegneyDG(2016)CanWe Predict BurnoutamongStudent Nurses?AnExplorationoftheICWR-1 Model ofIndividualPsychological Resilience. Front.Psychol.7:1072. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01072