Bargaining for welfare: Gender consequences of Australia's dual welfare model
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National Institute of Labour Studies
"The tradition in Australia of delivering welfare benefits through the industrial relations system rather than through social insurance schemes has important implications for coverage and adequacy of important forms of income protection and maintenance. Using data from a large-scale survey, this paper examines access to two forms of social benefit: paid maternity/paternity leave and retirement income in the form of occupational superannuation. Patterns of coverage indicate that those with limited bargaining power in the labour market are more likely to miss out on these benefits. These results indicate a necessity for maintaining the coverage and level of benefits available through publicly provided schemes such as the Aged Pension. The findings also support the current push for a nationally legislated, government funded, paid maternity leave scheme."
Jefferson, T., Preston, A., 2003. Bargaining for welfare: Gender consequences of Australia's dual welfare model. Australian Bulletin of Labour, Vol. 29 No. 1, pp. 76-96