Climate change not to blame for late Quaternary megafauna extinctions in Australia Saltre, Frederik Rodriguez-Rey, M Brook, Barry W Johnson, Christopher N Turney, Chris S M Alroy, John Cooper, Alan Beeton, Nicholas Bird, Michael I Fordham, Damien A Gillespie, Richard Herrando-Perez, Salvador Jacobs, Zenobia Miller, Gifford H Nogues-Bravo, David Prideaux, Gavin John Roberts, Richard Graham Bradshaw, Corey J A 2016-07-14T02:19:06Z 2016-07-14T02:19:06Z 2016
dc.description This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit en
dc.description.abstract Late Quaternary megafauna extinctions impoverished mammalian diversity worldwide. The causes of these extinctions in Australia are most controversial but essential to resolve, because this continent-wide event presaged similar losses that occurred thousands of years later on other continents. Here we apply a rigorous metadata analysis and new ensemble-hindcasting approach to 659 Australian megafauna fossil ages. When coupled with analysis of several high-resolution climate records, we show that megafaunal extinctions were broadly synchronous among genera and independent of climate aridity and variability in Australia over the last 120,000 years. Our results reject climate change as the primary driver of megafauna extinctions in the world’s most controversial context, and instead estimate that the megafauna disappeared Australia-wide ~13,500 years after human arrival, with shorter periods of coexistence in some regions. This is the first comprehensive approach to incorporate uncertainty in fossil ages, extinction timing and climatology, to quantify mechanisms of prehistorical extinctions. en
dc.identifier.citation Saltre, F. et al. Climate change not to blame for late Quaternary megafauna extinctions in Australia. Nat. Commun. 7:10511 doi: 10.1038/ncomms10511 (2016). en
dc.identifier.doi en
dc.identifier.issn 2041-1723
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group en
dc.relation en
dc.relation.grantnumber ARC/FT130101728
dc.rights Copyright 2016 The authors en
dc.rights.holder The authors en
dc.rights.license CC-BY
dc.subject Biological Sciences en
dc.subject evolution en
dc.subject paleontology en
dc.title Climate change not to blame for late Quaternary megafauna extinctions in Australia en
dc.type Article en
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookup Bradshaw, Corey J A: en_US
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
582.57 KB
Adobe Portable Document Format
Published Version
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
2.73 KB
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission