What are the components of effective chronic condition self-management education interventions for children with asthma, cystic fibrosis, and diabetes? A systematic review

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Date
2018-11-13
Authors
Saxby, Nicole
Beggs, Sean
Battersby, Malcolm Wayne
Lawn, Sharon Joy
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Elsevier
Rights
Crown Copyright © 2018
Rights Holder
Crown Copyright
Abstract
Objective To articulate the components of educational interventions that help children learn about managing their asthma, cystic fibrosis, or diabetes, relevant to their age/developmental status. Methods A systematic review of chronic condition self-management (CCSM) educational interventions that included age/developmentally appropriate components, published before 27 January 2018, including evidence level and quality assessments. Teaching approaches were extracted and translated into practical components. Results Twenty education interventions were identified, published across 30 studies. Most studies (n = 20/30) were based on the theories of Piaget and Bandura. Similar teaching approaches were used across conditions, incorporating sequenced curriculum and a variety of active elements. Age/developmentally appropriate interventions resulted in improvements in the CCSM capabilities of children. Outcomes were improved when compared with usual care. For very young children, educational interventions were directed at parents/families. As children reached school age, interventions increasingly became child-focused, promoting autonomy. Integrated play and reinforcement were common. Adolescent interventions placed greater emphasis on communication, problem-solving, and role division. Conclusion Eight key components were identified: structured and sequenced curricula; reinforcement; active participation; collaboration; autonomy; feedback; multiple exposures; and, problem-solving. Different components are relevant to specific life stages. Practice implications Clinicians require age/developmentally appropriate practical education tools to provide effective paediatric health care.
Description
Crown Copyright © 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ This author accepted manuscript is made available following 12 month embargo from date of publication (November 2018) in accordance with the publisher’s archiving policy
Keywords
Self-management, Children, Adolescents, Teaching approaches, Education, Asthma, Cystic fibrosis, Diabetes
Citation
Saxby, N., Beggs, S., Battersby, M., & Lawn, S. (2019). What are the components of effective chronic condition self-management education interventions for children with asthma, cystic fibrosis, and diabetes? A systematic review. Patient Education and Counseling, 102(4), 607–622. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2018.11.001