Social patterns and momentary affect in the oldest-old: the presence of others benefits affect depending on who we are and who we are with

dc.contributor.author Chui, Helena
dc.contributor.author Hoppmann, Christiane A
dc.contributor.author Gerstorf, Denis
dc.contributor.author Walker, Ruth Ballance
dc.contributor.author Luszcz, Mary Alice
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-02T04:02:05Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-02T04:02:05Z
dc.date.issued 2014-03
dc.description.abstract Links between social relationships and emotional well-being in old age are well documented, but little is known about daily life fluctuations in momentary affective experiences of the oldest-old while interacting with specific social partners. We examined associations between the presence of different types of social partners and moment-to-moment fluctuations in affect in the oldest-old, taking into account individual differences in gender, neuroticism, depressive symptoms, chronic health conditions, and loneliness. Participants (N = 74, M age = 88.7 years, range = 84–102 years, 68% women) provided self-reports concurrently on the presence of social partners and subjective affective states 6 times a day for each of 7 consecutive days (3,071 occasions, in total). Relative to being with other people, time spent alone was associated with lower positive affect in the oldest-old. Being with other family members and friends was associated with more positive affective experiences. Compared with men, women reported more negative affective experiences when they were with their spouses than when their spouses were not present. Individuals with more chronic health problems reported more negative affective experiences when they were with their spouses than not. Participants higher in neuroticism reported more positive affective experiences when they were with their friends, compared with times when their friends were not present. Finally, lonelier individuals reported more positive affective experiences when they were with their spouses than when they were not. These findings suggest that affective experience is a function of individual differences and the type of social partners oldest-old adults interact with in everyday life. We discuss how our findings can be generalized to oldest-olds of different marital statuses, taking into account the proportion of widows in our sample as well as measurement specifics. en
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by grants from the Australian Research Council (LP100200413) and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. en
dc.identifier.citation Chui, H., Hoppmann, C.A., Gerstorf, D., Walker, R.B. and Luszcz, M.A., 2014. Social patterns and momentary affect in the oldest-old: the presence of others benefits affect depending on who we are and who we are with. Developmental Psychology, 50(3), 728-740. en
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033896 en
dc.identifier.issn 1939-0599
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2328/35701
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher American Psychology Association en
dc.relation.grantnumber ARC/LP100200413
dc.rights http://www.apa.org/pubs/authors/posting.aspx en
dc.rights.holder © 2014 American Psychological Association en
dc.rights.license In Copyright
dc.subject Psychology en
dc.subject Ageing en
dc.title Social patterns and momentary affect in the oldest-old: the presence of others benefits affect depending on who we are and who we are with en
dc.type Article en
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookup Walker, Ruth: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5936-1068 en_US
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