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Xiao, Lily Dongxia
China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House
目的 对临床护士实施预防老年住院患者跌倒教育干预,评价干预措施对护士预防老年住院患者跌倒知识、态度、行为的影响.方法 采用方便抽样法,选取参加我市2012年老年护理继续教育培训大会的74名护士为研究对象,通过一系列教育干预,对比干预前后护士在预防老年住院患者跌倒知识、态度、行为等方面的改变,评估干预措施的效果.结果 74名护士均对培训满意;培训前护士预防老年人跌倒知识的中位得分18分,培训后中位得分26分,培训前后得分间差异有统计学意义(Z=-7.270,P=0.000).干预前后护士对老年人的总体态度和消极态度得分间差异均有统计学意义(P＜0.05),但积极态度间差异无统计学意义(P＞0.05).179份(95%)问卷明确表示护士在工作中运用了培训所学的知识.结论 对临床护士进行有组织、有计划的教育干预能改善护士对待老年人的态度,提高护士预防与处理老年住院患者跌倒的知识水平,并能对护士预防和处理老年住院患者跌倒的行为产生积极影响. English Abstract: The purpose of the clinical nurses fall prevention educational intervention in elderly hospitalized patients, evaluation of interventions for prevention nurse falls in elderly inpatients impact of knowledge, attitude and behavior. Methods convenience sampling method, choose to participate in the city in 2012 aged care continuing education and training of the General Assembly 74 nurses for the study, through a series of educational intervention, nurses change in the prevention of falls in elderly hospitalized patients with the knowledge, attitude, behavior, and to assess the effect of interventions before and after the intervention results 74 nurses were satisfied with the training; former training Prevention of falls among the elderly nurse median knowledge score 18 points, the median score after 26 minutes of training, before and after the training had a significant difference between scores (Z = -7.270, P = 0.000). The overall attitude of nurses before and after the intervention of the elderly and negative attitude scores were statistically significant differences between (P <0.05), but the difference between a positive attitude no significant (P> 0.05) .179 parts (95%) used the questionnaire made it clear that nurses have learned on the job training knowledge. Conclusion clinical nurses organized and planned educational intervention can improve the nurse's attitude towards the elderly, to improve the prevention and treatment of nurses falls in elderly inpatients level of knowledge, and is able to nurse the prevention and treatment of falls in elderly inpatients behaviors have a positive impact.
意外跌倒 知识脉络 老年人 知识脉络, 教育 知识脉络, 医务工作者的态度 知识脉络, 发展性案例教学法 知识脉络, accidental falls, elderly, education, medical workers attitudes, development case method
He HY, Liu H, Shen J, Xiao LD 2013, Impact of innovative education intervention on nurses’ prevention of falls of hospitalised elderly patients [教育干预对护士预防老年住院患者跌倒知识和态度及行为的影响研究], Chinese General Practice, 16 (4), 1419-1422