The Relationship between Dietary Patterns and Metabolic Health in a Representative Sample of Adult Australians

dc.contributor.authorBell, Lucinda
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Suzanne
dc.contributor.authorGrieger, Jessica
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-31T03:11:09Z
dc.date.available2018-05-31T03:11:09Z
dc.date.issued2015-08-05
dc.description© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en_US
dc.description.abstractStudies assessing dietary intake and its relationship to metabolic phenotype are emerging, but limited. The aims of the study are to identify dietary patterns in Australian adults, and to determine whether these dietary patterns are associated with metabolic phenotype and obesity. Cross-sectional data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011 Australian Health Survey was analysed. Subjects included adults aged 45 years and over (n = 2415). Metabolic phenotype was determined according to criteria used to define metabolic syndrome (0–2 abnormalities vs. 3–7 abnormalities), and additionally categorized for obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 vs. BMI <30 kg/m2). Dietary patterns were derived using factor analysis. Multivariable models were used to assess the relationship between dietary patterns and metabolic phenotype, with adjustment for age, sex, smoking status, socio-economic indexes for areas, physical activity and daily energy intake. Twenty percent of the population was metabolically unhealthy and obese. In the fully adjusted model, for every one standard deviation increase in the Healthy dietary pattern, the odds of having a more metabolically healthy profile increased by 16% (odds ratio (OR) 1.16; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04, 1.29). Poor metabolic profile and obesity are prevalent in Australian adults and a healthier dietary pattern plays a role in a metabolic and BMI phenotypes. Nutritional strategies addressing metabolic syndrome criteria and targeting obesity are recommended in order to improve metabolic phenotype and potential disease burden.en_US
dc.identifier.citationBell, L.K.; Edwards, S.; Grieger, J.A. The Relationship between Dietary Patterns and Metabolic Health in a Representative Sample of Adult Australians. Nutrients 2015, 7, 6491-6505.en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/nu7085295en
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2328/38044
dc.language.isoen
dc.oaire.license.condition.licenseCC-BY
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.rights© 2015 by the authorsen
dc.rights.holderThe authorsen
dc.subjectdietary patterns
dc.subjectmetabolic health
dc.subjectobesity
dc.subjectAustralia, national survey
dc.subjectbody mass index
dc.subjectadults
dc.titleThe Relationship between Dietary Patterns and Metabolic Health in a Representative Sample of Adult Australiansen
dc.typeArticleen
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookupBell, Lucinda: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7251-9176en_US
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