Association of open-angle glaucoma loci with incident glaucoma in the Blue Mountains Eye Study.

Thumbnail Image
Date
2015
Authors
Burdon, Kathryn Penelope
Mitchell, Paul
Lee, Anne
Healey, Paul R
White, Andrew J
Rochtchina, Elena
Thomas, P
Wang, Jie Jin
Craig, Jamie E
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Elsevier Inc.
Abstract
PURPOSE: To determine if open-angle glaucoma (OAG)-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with incident glaucoma and if such genetic information is useful in OAG risk prediction. DESIGN: Case-control from within a population-based longitudinal study. METHODS: study population: Individuals aged over 49 years of age living in the Blue Mountains region west of Sydney and enrolled in the Blue Mountains Eye Study. observation: Cases for this sub-study (n = 67) developed incident OAG between baseline and 10-year visits, in either eye, while controls (n = 1919) had no evidence for OAG at any visit. All participants had an ocular examination and DNA genotyped for reported OAG risk SNPs. main outcome measure: Incident OAG. RESULTS: Two loci also known to be associated with cup-to-disc ratio as well as OAG (9p21 near CDKN2B-AS1 and SIX1/SIX6) were both significantly associated with incident OAG in the Blue Mountains Eye Study cohort (P = .006 and P = .004, respectively). The TMCO1 locus was nominally associated (P = .012), while the CAV1/CAV2 and 8q22 loci were not associated. Multivariate logistic regression and neural network analysis both indicated that the genetic risk factors contributed positively to the predictive models incorporating traditional risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that previously reported genetic variations related to OAG and cup-to-disc ratio are associated with the onset of OAG and thus may become useful in risk prediction algorithms designed to target early treatment to those most at risk of developing glaucoma.
Description
This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ You may distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text or data mine the article, including for commercial purposes without permission from Elsevier. The original work must always be appropriately credited.
Keywords
Citation
Burdon KP, Mitchell P, Lee A, Healey PR, White AJ, Rochtchina E, Thomas PB, Wang JJ, Craig JE. Association of open-angle glaucoma loci with incident glaucoma in the Blue Mountains Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Jan;159(1):31-6.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2014.09.020. Epub 2014 Sep 19.