The Influence of Rejection Episodes in Recipients of Bilateral Corneal Grafts
Williams, Keryn Anne
Kelly, T L
Lowe, Marie Therese
Coster, Douglas John
We investigated whether a rejection episode in one graft was associated with rejection in the other graft, in recipients with bilateral corneal transplants. In a prospectively maintained, national register of 14 865 followed corneal grafts, 1476 patients with bilateral penetrating corneal grafts were identified. Occurrence of rejection was a risk factor for graft failure (p < 0.0001). Logistic regression was used to calculate the adjusted odds ratio for rejection in one eye following rejection in the other eye. In the subset of 1118 patients with bilateral grafts but no history of previous grafts or rejections in either eye, the adjusted odds ratio for a rejection episode in the first eye following rejection in the second was 3.27 (95% confidence interval, CI 1.85, 5.79; p < 0.001). The adjusted odds ratio was 2.04 (95% CI 1.07, 3.91; p = 0.03) for rejection in the second eye following rejection in the first. The median time between the first rejection episode in one eye and the first rejection episode in the other eye was 15 months. Patients with bilateral corneal grafts who suffer a graft rejection episode in one eye are at significantly greater odds of suffering a rejection episode in the other corneal transplant.
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Williams, K. A., Kelly, T.-L., Lowe, M. T., Coster, D. J. and on behalf of all contributors to the Australian Corneal Graft Registry (2010), The Influence of Rejection Episodes in Recipients of Bilateral Corneal Grafts. American Journal of Transplantation, 10: 921–930. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.03002.x