Interventions targeting the prescribing and monitoring of vancomycin for hospitalized patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis

dc.contributor.author Phillips, Cameron J en_US
dc.contributor.author Wisdom, Alice J en_US
dc.contributor.author McKinnon, Ross A en_US
dc.contributor.author Woodman, Richard John en_US
dc.contributor.author Gordon, David Llewellyn en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-14T01:15:41Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-14T01:15:41Z
dc.date.issued 2018-10-31
dc.description Copyright © 2018 Phillips et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. en_US
dc.description.abstract Purpose: Vancomycin prescribing requires individualized dosing and monitoring to ensure efficacy, limit toxicity, and minimize resistance. Although there are nationally endorsed guidelines from several countries addressing the complexities of vancomycin dosing and monitoring, there is limited consideration of how to implement these recommendations effectively. Methods: We conducted a systematic search of multiple databases to identify relevant comparative studies describing the impact of interventions of educational meetings, implementation of guidelines, and dissemination of educational material on vancomycin dosing, monitoring, and nephrotoxicity. Effect size was assessed using ORs and pooled data analyzed using forest plots to provide overall effect measures. Results: Six studies were included. All studies included educational meetings. Two studies used implementation of guidance, educational meetings, and dissemination of educational materials, one used guidance and educational meetings, one educational meetings and dissemination of educational materials, and two used educational meetings solely. Effect sizes for individual studies were more likely to be significant for multifaceted interventions. In meta-analysis, the overall effect of interventions on outcome measures of vancomycin dosing was OR 2.50 (95% CI 1.29–4.84); P< 0.01. A higher proportion of sampling at steady-state concentration was seen following intervention (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.26–3.02; P<0.01). Interventions had no effect on appropriate timing of trough sample (OR 2.02, 95% CI 0.72–5.72; P=0.18), attaining target concentration in patients (OR 1.50, 95% CI 0.49–4.63; P=0.48, or nephrotoxicity (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.42–1.34; P=0.33). Conclusion: Multifaceted interventions are effective overall in improving the complex task of dosing vancomycin, as well as some vancomycin-monitoring outcome measures. However, the resulting impact of these interventions on efficacy and toxicity requires further investigation. These findings may be helpful to those charged with designing implementation strategies for vancomycin guidelines or complex prescribing processes in hospitals. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Phillips, C. J., Wisdom, A. J., McKinnon, R. A., Woodman, R. J., & Gordon, D. L. (2018). Interventions targeting the prescribing and monitoring of vancomycin for hospitalized patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Infection and Drug Resistance, Volume 11, 2081–2094. https://doi.org/10.2147/idr.s176519 en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.2147/idr.s176519 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1178-6973
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2328/39102
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Dove Press en_US
dc.rights © 2018 Phillips et al. en_US
dc.rights.holder Phillips et al. en_US
dc.rights.license CC-BY
dc.subject drug monitoring en_US
dc.subject education en_US
dc.subject guideline en_US
dc.subject implementation en_US
dc.subject intervention en_US
dc.subject prescribing en_US
dc.subject systematic review en_US
dc.subject vancomycin en_US
dc.title Interventions targeting the prescribing and monitoring of vancomycin for hospitalized patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis en_US
dc.type Article en_US
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookup Phillips, Cameron J: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0801-3802 en_US
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookup McKinnon, Ross A: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3725-793X en_US
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookup Gordon, David Llewellyn: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3276-9685 en_US
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookup Woodman, Richard John: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4094-1222
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