An introduction to the Australian and New Zealand flux tower network – OzFlux

dc.contributor.authorBeringer, Jason
dc.contributor.authorHutley, Lindsay B
dc.contributor.authorMcHugh, Ian
dc.contributor.authorArndt, Stefan K
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, David
dc.contributor.authorCleugh, Helen A
dc.contributor.authorCleverly, James
dc.contributor.authorResco de Dios, Victor
dc.contributor.authorEamus, Derek
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Bradley
dc.contributor.authorEwenz, Caecilia Maria
dc.contributor.authorGrace, Peter
dc.contributor.authorGriebel, Anne
dc.contributor.authorHaverd, Vanessa
dc.contributor.authorHinko-Najera, Nina
dc.contributor.authorHuete, Alfredo
dc.contributor.authorIsaac, Peter
dc.contributor.authorKanniah, Kasturi
dc.contributor.authorLeuning, Ray
dc.contributor.authorLiddell, Michael J
dc.contributor.authorMacfarlane, Craig
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Wayne
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Caitlin
dc.contributor.authorPendall, Elise
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Alison
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Rebecca L
dc.contributor.authorProber, Suzanne M
dc.contributor.authorRestrepo-Coupe, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorRutledge, Susanna
dc.contributor.authorSchroder, Ivan
dc.contributor.authorSilberstein, Richard
dc.contributor.authorSouthall, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorYee, Mei Sun
dc.contributor.authorTapper, Nigel J
dc.contributor.authorvan Gorsel, Eva
dc.contributor.authorVote, Camilla
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Jeff
dc.contributor.authorWardlaw, Tim
dc.description© Author(s) 2016. CC Attribution 3.0 Licenseen
dc.description.abstractOzFlux is the regional Australian and New Zealand flux tower network that aims to provide a continental-scale national research facility to monitor and assess trends, and improve predictions, of Australia's terrestrial biosphere and climate. This paper describes the evolution, design, and current status of OzFlux as well as provides an overview of data processing. We analyse measurements from all sites within the Australian portion of the OzFlux network and two sites from New Zealand. The response of the Australian biomes to climate was largely consistent with global studies except that Australian systems had a lower ecosystem water-use efficiency. Australian semi-arid/arid ecosystems are important because of their huge extent (70 %) and they have evolved with common moisture limitations. We also found that Australian ecosystems had a similar radiation-use efficiency per unit leaf area compared to global values that indicates a convergence toward a similar biochemical efficiency. The two New Zealand sites represented extremes in productivity for a moist temperate climate zone, with the grazed dairy farm site having the highest GPP of any OzFlux site (2620 gC m−2 yr−1) and the natural raised peat bog site having a very low GPP (820 gC m−2 yr−1). The paper discusses the utility of the flux data and the synergies between flux, remote sensing, and modelling. Lastly, the paper looks ahead at the future direction of the network and concludes that there has been a substantial contribution by OzFlux, and considerable opportunities remain to further advance our understanding of ecosystem response to disturbances, including drought, fire, land-use and land-cover change, land management, and climate change, which are relevant both nationally and internationally. It is suggested that a synergistic approach is required to address all of the spatial, ecological, human, and cultural challenges of managing the delicately balanced ecosystems in Australasia.en
dc.identifier.citationBeringer, J., Hutley, L.B., McHugh, I., Arndt, S.K., Campbell, D., Cleugh, H.A., Cleverly, J., De Dios, V.R., Eamus, D., Evans, B., Ewenz, C., Grace, P., Griebel, A., Haverd, V., Hinko-Najera, N., Huete, A., Isaac, P., Kanniah, K., Leuning, R., Liddell, M.J., MacFarlane, C., Meyer, W., Moore, C., Pendall, E., Phillips, A., Phillips, R.L., Prober, S.M., Restrepo-Coupe, N., Rutledge, S., Schroder, I., Silberstein, R., Southall, P., Sun Yee, M., Tapper, N.J., Van Gorsel, E., Vote, C., Walker, J., and Wardlaw, T. "An Introduction to the Australian and New Zealand Flux Tower Network - OzFlux." Biogeosciences 13, no. 21 (2016): 5895-916.en
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union.en
dc.rights© Author(s) 2016en
dc.rights.holderThe authorsen
dc.subjectclimate monitoringen
dc.subjectflux tower networken
dc.titleAn introduction to the Australian and New Zealand flux tower network – OzFluxen
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