Social marketing and community mobilisation to reduce underage alcohol consumption in Australia: A cluster randomised community trial

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Date
2018-03-03
Authors
Rowland, Bosco Charles
Williams, Joanne
Smith, Rachel
Hall, Jessica Kate
Osborn, Amber
Kremer, Peter
Kelly, Adrian B
Leslie, Eva
Patton, George
Mohebbi, Mohammadreza
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Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Elsevier
Abstract
Background and aims: In many countries adolescent alcohol use is a major health problem. To supplement national policies, it is important to trial community interventions as a potential strategy to prevent adolescent alcohol use. Methods: This study evaluated a multicomponent community intervention that included community mobilisation, social marketing, and the monitoring of alcohol sales to minors. Evaluation was a clustered randomised trial design with 14 intervention and 14 control communities. Prior to randomisation, communities were matched on socioeconomic status and location. Intervention communities were not blinded. Participants: 3545 Year 8 students (M = 12 years) were surveyed at baseline from 75 schools; 3377 students were surveyed post intervention in 2013 from 54 schools. Outcomes: It was hypothesised that the primary outcome, individual alcohol consumption in last 30 days, after the intervention would be 15% lower in intervention communities. Secondary outcomes were consumption in the past year and intention not to drink before age 18. Results: The intervention communities showed larger relative reductions compared to the controls in last 30-day consumption and past year (10%), but not significantly different. A significantly lower proportion of participants in the intervention community (63%), compared to the controls (71%), reported intending to drink before 18 years old. Subgroup analysis identified regional and state differences for some secondary measures. Conclusions: Intervention assignment was associated with lower adolescent intention to drink before the age of 18. However, more intensive and longer-term intervention may be required to measure significant differences in behaviour change. Trial registration: ACTRN12612000384853.
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© 2018 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ This author accepted manuscript is made available following 12 month embargo from date of publication (March 2018) in accordance with the publisher’s archiving policy
Keywords
adolescent alcohol use, adolescent, alcohol, health problem, alcohol sales to minors, individual alcohol consumption, intention not to drink alcohol before age 18
Citation
Rowland, B. C., Williams, J., Smith, R., Hall, J. K., Osborn, A., Kremer, P., … Toumbourou, J. W. (2018). Social marketing and community mobilisation to reduce underage alcohol consumption in Australia: A cluster randomised community trial. Preventive Medicine, 113, 132–139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.02.032