Social policy is a broad term which describes systems of allocations in any society in which benefits are distributed to individuals and communities so that they might attain a certain standard of living and/or quality of life. there is often great disagreement about why anything should be allocated, what it is that is allocated, who the recipients ought to be, how generous the allocations ought to be, who should do the allocation, and how it might be financed. In Australia the debates about these issues have closely paralleled debates in other affluent industrialised nations. Increasing industrialisation has not automatically benefited all the people in the community. Industrial progress has not eliminated poverty, it has not ensured that all people are adequately housed, adequately serviced with health care, have adequate access to the employment market, will receive adequate incomes.
Speech presented at Monash University, April 1982 by Adam Graycar, Director, Social Welfare Research Centre, University of New South Wales. This speech is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Social policy, Industrialisation, Poverty, Welfare systems, Welfare state