Volume 29, 2013
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ItemA Fear and Loathing of Detente: Perspectives on Criticisms of Henry Kissinger in The National Review and The New Republic(Flinders University, 2013)As National Security Advisor and (later) Secretary of State under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald R. Ford, Dr. Henry A. Kissinger was responsible for crafting policies aimed both at a diplomatic rapprochement with mainland China and seeking a strategic accommodation with the Soviet Union. However, many critics of this policy maintained that détente was a nouveau form of appeasement under an elaborate geopolitical scheme. One of the main targets of the Right was Kissinger who was believed to be the intellectual godfather of the Nixon and Ford foreign policy stratagems. This paper is a general analysis of the criticisms of Henry Kissinger in The National Review and The New Republic between 1970 and 1976. While their criticisms were salient among many voters and critics, writers often overstated and oversimplified many of the key areas of their disagreements with Kissinger on the overall détente policy.
ItemPeretko, A. (2013). The Political Compatibility of Aboriginal Self-Determination and Australian Sovereignty. The Flinders Journal of History and Politics, 29.(Flinders University, 2013)It seems inevitable that sovereignty and self-determination engulf any discourse on reconciliation between Australia’s settled population and Aboriginal people. The pervasive myth in politics and public policy is that the concept of Australia’s sovereignty is highly incompatible with the concept of Aboriginal self-determination, because the former can only mean secession, and shy of that, it is impossible for Australia to have a treaty with itself. However, using an expansive view of self-determination, one commonly accepted historically and abroad, this paper demonstrates how Aboriginal self-determination can actually strengthen Australia’s international sovereignty and internal politics.
ItemRethinking Australia’s International Past: Identity, Foreign Policy and India in the Australian Colonial Imagination(Flinders University, 2013)This article examines the ways in which Australia’s global connections during the colonial period have shaped its contemporary international political identity and the implications of such an approach for the study of Australian foreign policy and international relations (IR). This is particularly pertinent due to recent historiographical reconceptualization of nineteenth century colonial networks, which suggest Australia’s connections to India are far more important than previously considered. These issues are explored through a case study of Australia’s links with India prior to Federation, employing a discursive analysis of public debate on utilizing Indian indentured laborers in tropical Northern Australia.
ItemManifest Destiny and the Environmental impacts of Westward Expansion(Flinders University, 2013)Even before the founding of the Republic, Americans desired to expand Westward taking with them their unique civilization across the continent. By the 1840s this idea of the United States extending its boundaries was encompassed by the phrase Manifest Destiny. Americans not only considered Westward expansion a desirable objective but an endowment from God through which they could take their democratic republicanism across North America. The purpose of this article is to explore American interpretations of Manifest Destiny in the 1840s and 1850s and its environmental impacts on the Western territories, specifically the role which democratic society, Christianity, and capitalism played in transforming the land, nature, and relationships with Native peoples.
ItemApplying Taurek’s ‘Should the Numbers Count?’ to (un)justify Hiroshima and Nagasaki: A combination of historiography and applied ethics(Flinders University, 2013)There is a belief that the use of the atomic bombs caused the end of the Pacific War and thus saved many lives. However, historical accounts indicate that the war could have ended less destructively. A greater number of Japanese civilians died from the atomic bombs than the expected casualties of American soldiers – casting doubt on justification for Hiroshima and Nagasaki. However, Taurek’s ‘Should the Numbers Count?’ reveals that numbers may not necessarily play a role in making a moral decision. This paper examines Taurek’s ethical arguments in relation to the historical events and concludes that, while Taurek’s argument may appear plausible, his philosophical ideas do not adequately justify the use of the atomic bombs.
ItemNewspoll vs Facebook - The Effect of Social Media on Opinion Polling(Flinders University, 2013)