ItemDevelopment and preliminary validation of the Toddler Snack Food Feeding(2010) Wilson, Carlene J; Kettler, Lisa; Danthiir, Vanessa; Corsini, Nadia ItemPreparing meals under time stress. The experience of working mothers(2010) Hutchinson, Amanda; Wilson, Carlene J; Beshara, Monica ItemUnderstanding parent concerns about children's diet, activity and weight status: an important step towards effective obesity prevention interventions(2010) Bowen, Jane; Corsini, Nadia; Golley, Rebecca Kirsty; Gardener, Claire; Slater, Amy Elise; Noakes, Manny ItemLow and high carbohydrate weight loss diets have similar effects on mood but not cognitive performance(2007) Halyburton, Angela K; Brinkworth, Grant D; Noakes, Manny; Buckley, Jonathon D; Keogh, Jennifer B; Clifton, Peter Marshall; Wilson, Carlene J ItemLong-term effects of a very low-carbohydrate diet and a low-fat diet on mood and cognitive function(2009) Brinkworth, Grant D; Buckley, Jonathon D; Clifton, Peter Marshall; Wilson, Carlene J; Noakes, Manny ItemA human, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial of prebiotic, probiotic and synbiotic supplementation: effects on luminal, inflammatory, epigenetic and epithelial biomarkers of colorectal cancer(2009) Le Leu, Richard Kevin; Hu, Ying; Irahara, Natsumi; Ogino, Shuji; Leggett, Barbara A; Young, Graeme Paul; Worthley, Daniel L; Whitehall, Vicki L; Conlon, Michael A; Christophersen, Claus; Belobrajdic, Damien Paul; Mallitt, Kylie-AnnBackground: Diet is an important factor in colorectal carcinogenesis; thus, dietary supplements may have a role in colorectal cancer prevention. Objective: The objective was to establish the relative luminal, epithelial, and epigenetic consequences of prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic dietary supplementation in humans. Design: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 4-wk crossover trial of resistant starch and Bifidobacterium lactis, either alone or as a combined synbiotic preparation, in 20 human volunteers. Rectal biopsy, feces, and serum samples were collected. The rectal mucosal endpoints were DNA methylation at 16 CpG island loci and LINE-1, epithelial proliferation (Ki67 immunohistochemistry), and crypt cellularity. The fecal endpoints were short-chain fatty acid concentrations, pH, ammonia, and microbiological profiles (by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and sequencing). Serum endpoints were a panel of cytokines and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. Results: Seventeen subjects completed the entire study. The synbiotic intervention fostered a significantly different fecal stream bacterial community than did either the prebiotic (P = 0.032) or the probiotic (P = 0.001) intervention alone, in part because of a greater proportion of patients harboring fecal Lachnospiraceae spp. These changes developed in the absence of any significant differences in fecal chemistry. There were no differences in epithelial kinetics. Conclusions: This synbiotic supplementation with B. lactis and resistant starch, in the doses used, induced unique changes in fecal microflora but did not significantly alter any other fecal, serum, or epithelial variables. ItemEffect of high amylose maize starches on colonic fermentation and apoptotic response to DNA-damage in the colon of rats(2009) Le Leu, Richard Kevin; Brown, Ian Lewis; Young, Graeme Paul; Hu, Ying ItemMultivitamin supplementation improves nutritional status and bone quality in aged care residents(2009) Grieger, Jessica; Nowson, Caryl; Jarman, H; Ackland, Michael; Malon, R ItemHigh versus standard protein content of human milk fortifier for promoting growth and neurological development in preterm infants (protocol)(2008) Miller, Jacqueline; Collins, Carmel T; Makrides, Maria ItemNutrient intake and plate waste from an Australian residential care facility(2007) Nowson, Caryl; Grieger, Jessica ItemNutritional and functional status indicators in residents of a long-term care facility(2009) Ackland, Michael; Grieger, Jessica; Nowson, Caryl ItemAnthropometric and biochemical markers for nutritional risk among residents within an Australian residential care facility(2007) Nowson, Caryl; Ackland, Michael; Grieger, Jessica ItemNutrient adequacy and food group consumption of Filipino novices and religious sisters over a nine month period(2008) Grieger, Jessica; Murray-Kolb, L; Beard, J; Haas, J; Kris-Etherton, P ItemFlow-mediated dilatation is impaired by a high-saturated fat diet but not by a high-carbohydrate diet(2005) Keogh, Jennifer B; Grieger, Jessica; Noakes, Manny; Clifton, Peter Marshall ItemSelenium-enriched milk proteins and selenium yeast affect selenoproteins activity and expression differently in mouse colon(2010) Le Leu, Richard Kevin; Hu, Ying; McIntosh, Graeme Howie; Young, Graeme Paul ItemButyrylated starch increases large bowel butyrate levels and lowers colonic smooth muscle contractility in rats(2010) Bajka, Balazs H; Clarke, Julie M; Topping, David L; Cobiac, Lynne; Abeywardena, Mahinda Y; Patten, Glen S ItemAssessing lifetime diet: reproducibility of a self-administered, non-quantitative FFQ(2010) Hosking, D; Nettelbeck, Ted; Wilson, Carlene J; Danthiir, V ItemNutritional screening in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic literature review(2010) Barnard, Robert Gary; Phillips, Megan Brooke; Foley, Amanda; Isenring, Elisabeth; Miller, Michelle Deanne ItemThe Early Prevention of Obesity in CHildren (EPOCH) Collaboration - an Individual Patient Data Prospective Meta-Analysis(2010) Askie, Lisa; Baur, Louise A; Campbell, Karen; Daniels, Lynne Allison; Hesketh, Kylie; Magarey, Anthea Margaret; Mihrshahi, Seema; Rissel, Chris; Simes, John; Taylor, Barry; Taylor, Rachael; Voysey, Merryn; Wen, Li MingBackground Efforts to prevent the development of overweight and obesity have increasingly focused early in the life course as we recognise that both metabolic and behavioural patterns are often established within the first few years of life. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions are even more powerful when, with forethought, they are synthesised into an individual patient data (IPD) prospective meta-analysis (PMA). An IPD PMA is a unique research design where several trials are identified for inclusion in an analysis before any of the individual trial results become known and the data are provided for each randomised patient. This methodology minimises the publication and selection bias often associated with a retrospective meta-analysis by allowing hypotheses, analysis methods and selection criteria to be specified a priori. Methods/Design The Early Prevention of Obesity in CHildren (EPOCH) Collaboration was formed in 2009. The main objective of the EPOCH Collaboration is to determine if early intervention for childhood obesity impacts on body mass index (BMI) z scores at age 18-24 months. Additional research questions will focus on whether early intervention has an impact on children's dietary quality, TV viewing time, duration of breastfeeding and parenting styles. This protocol includes the hypotheses, inclusion criteria and outcome measures to be used in the IPD PMA. The sample size of the combined dataset at final outcome assessment (approximately 1800 infants) will allow greater precision when exploring differences in the effect of early intervention with respect to pre-specified participant- and intervention-level characteristics. Discussion Finalisation of the data collection procedures and analysis plans will be complete by the end of 2010. Data collection and analysis will occur during 2011-2012 and results should be available by 2013.