Volume 1 Issue 3 December 2003

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This collection contains the articles and book reviews featured in FULGOR Volume 1, Issue 3, December 2003.


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    From Tobruk to Clare: the experiences of the Italian prisoner of war Luigi Bortolotti 1941-1946
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) O'Connor, Desmond John
    The paper explores the personal account of an Italian prisoner of war, Luigi Bortolotti (1916-1980), who has left a 300-page diary manuscript that relates his experiences from the time of his capture in Tobruk in 1941 until he was repatriated to Italy in 1946. After being placed in camps in Ismailia and Suez, Bortolotti was shipped to Australia where he spent nearly three years in the POW camp at Hay (New South Wales). Early in 1944 he was sent to work on a farm in Clare, South Australia, a country town to which he would return to settle as a migrant in 1948. The paper follows Bortolotti’s daily, often mundane account of his life as a POW in the context of the events of the time and highlights the mental and physical stress and sense of hopelessness that he and many other Italian POWs felt in the Hay camp during their years of confinement. It re-evaluates what has too easily been labeled the “fair treatment” of Italian POWs in Australia and a wartime experience that has been called “not a bad thing”.
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    Skilled migration: a theoretical framework and the case of foreign researchers in Italy
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) Todisco, Enrico; Brandi, Maria Carolina; Tattolo, Giovanna
    Different solutions are called for in order to resolve the difficulty of finding a satisfactory definition of migration. In this paper the authors propose dividing migratory movements into two distinct major categories: economic migration and non-economic migration. Economic migration can, in turn, be divided into two separate categories: mass migration and skilled migration. Both micro differences (that relate to single individuals) and macro differences (related to the economies of the countries involved) are analysed. In the category of skilled migrants are included people such as scientists and researchers, international consultants, employees of international organisations, managers of multinational businesses, professionals, clergy, artists, actors, tourism operators, athletes, specially qualified workers, military personnel, and university students. The characteristics of each group are illustrated in the paper. Since the traits that identify skilled migration are not generally considered negative, unlike the characteristics of mass migration, but have today become more and more a part of professional life, it is preferable not to talk any longer of “brain drain” but rather of “brain movements” or “brain circulation”. As an illustration of skilled migration, the present paper provides the results of a survey carried out in Italy in public research institutes. In the study, 241 especially designed questionnaires were collected from foreign researchers who were working in these research institutes in 2001. The paper analyses their socio-demographic characteristics, the typologies of employment, the duration of their stay in Italy, their reasons for moving and their return home.
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    Erec y Enide by Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (2003) [review]
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) Taler, Fiona
    A review of 'Erec y Enide' by Manuel Vázquez Montalbán published by Debolsillo 2003. ISBN 84-9759-445-2 (vol. 511/1). The use of myth to illustrate the malaise of present day society is neither new nor original in contemporary literature, but it is not often attended by analysis of such scholarly splendour as it is within this text. Vázquez Montalbán’s novel 'Erec y Enide' is named after the work of the same name by Chrétien de Troyes (ca. 1175), in which the adventures of Geraint (Erec) are narrated as he drives his unfortunate wife, Enid (Enide) through innumerable dangers in order to prove his love for her as well as his valour as a knight of Arthur’s round table. In Vázquez Montalbán’s novel, Chrétien’s text is the most elaborately worked, but it is not the only Arthurian myth represented.
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    Noticias: An Advanced Intermediate Content-Based Course by Alan Bell, Ana Maria Schwartz (2002) [review]
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) Lorenzin, Maria Elena
    A review of 'Noticias: An Advanced Intermediate Content-Based Course' by Alan Bell and Ana Maria Schwartz published by McGraw-Hill 2002. ISBN 007233360X. 'Noticias', es un innovador método de español cuyo estudio integrado de la gramática ofrece interesantes opciones para un nivel que hasta hace muy poco no presentaba muchas alternativas. Su atrayente programa de actividades resulta apropiado para cursos del tercer nivel en los que se quiera incorporar contenidos motivadores para aprender la gramática de forma activa. Para cumplir con este objetivo, los autores introducen gradualmente una gran variedad de textos auténticos tomados de las más diversas fuentes del mundo hispanohablante.
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    Io non ho paura by Niccolò Ammaniti (2001) [review]
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) Glenn, Diana Cavuoto
    A review of 'Io non ho paura' (I'm Not Scared) by Niccolò Ammaniti published by Einaudi 2001. ISBN 88-06-14210-0 (Italian), ISBN 1 877008 46 X (English). In the torrid summer of 1978, while the grown-ups take refuge indoors behind drawn blinds, the first-person narrator, nine-year-old Michele Amitrano, is trudging about through the drought-stricken wheatfields in the stifling heat, keeping an eye on his five-year-old sister, Maria, while simultaneously fending off the bullish threats of gang-leader, il Teschio (“Skull”). Michele, now adult, recalls a harrowing episode from a childhood summer twenty-two years earlier.
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    De amordazamientos y liberaciones. Clausura simbólica y apertura poética en La noche de Ennio Moltedo
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) Holas, Sergio
    Este trabajo estudia la poética de la pérdida de la palabra en La noche de Ennio Moltedo. En este texto Moltedo explora los efectos que la dictadura chilena tiene en el cuerpo y la lengua de Chile de la postdictadura. El argumento está organizado en dos partes. Una que estudia las líneas de captura que reducen los discursos a formaciones molares; y, otra que estudia las líneas de escape a la molarización abriendo un espacio para la recuperación y refiguración del valor de la palabra.
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    Australian translators: missing in action? CAT and TM awareness over two years of the AUSIT-eBulletin
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) Garcia, Ignacio
    How relevant is Translation Memory software for translators in Australia? This paper responds by examining the rich yet under-utilised source of email discussion lists. Following content analysis methodology, data from the Australian Institute of Interpreters and Translators Inc. (AUSIT) eBulletin archive was keyword searched and subjected to computer-aided qualitative data analysis software (CAQDAS). The results indicate Australian translators’ awareness of TM and other computer-aided translation (CAT) tools seems limited with respect to that of their northern hemisphere counterparts. The study argues that with near instantaneous communication redefining market boundaries, a failure to engage with what may be termed the new translation paradigm could cost the profession dearly.
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    Self-Constructing Women: Beyond the Shock of Baise-moi and A ma soeur!
    (Department of Languages, Flinders University, 2003-12) Nettelbeck, Colin
    Following the release of the French films Baise-moi (2000) by Virginie Despentes and Coralie Trinh Thi, and A ma soeur! (2001) by Catherine Breillat, the debate surrounding film pornography and censorship in France has escalated to vertiginous heights. This paper aims to situate the work of these radical female film-makers within the context of a changing cultural and social climate in contemporary France. It draws on the theories espoused by sociologist Henri Mendras, who posits the idea that French society has emerged from its “second revolution” as one that is free of fundamental conflict – a society in which women are better positioned than men to resist stereotype and create dynamism both collectively and personally. The argument revolves around the way in which the controversial films of Despentes and Breillat not only inform and challenge the theories espoused by Mendras, but also subvert conventional cinematic representations of heterosexual sex and female sexuality. These ground-breaking films are therefore invaluable for the questions they raise about the role of sex in the cinema in France and the existing boundaries between eroticism and pornography. More importantly however, they represent a rebellion against a male-dominated cultural reality – or in the words of the film-makers themselves, they are effectively a “declaration of war.”