Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity - Collected Works

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Now showing 1 - 6 of 192
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    Integrative health care - Toward a common understanding: A mixed method study
    (Elsevier, 2017-12-06) Leach, Matthew ; Wiese, Marlene Louise ; Thakkar, Manisha ; Agnew, Tamara
    Objective To generate a multidisciplinary stakeholder-informed definition of integrative health care (IHC). Methods A mixed-method study design was used, employing the use of focus groups/semi-structured interviews (phase-1) and document analysis (phases 2 and 3). Phase-1 recruited a purposive sample of Australian health consumers/health providers. Phase-2 interrogated websites of international IHC organisations for definitions of IHC. Phase-3 systematically searched bibliographic databases for articles defining IHC. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results Data were drawn from 54 health consumers/providers (phase-1), 23 IHC organisation webpages (phase-2) and 23 eligible articles (phase-3). Seven themes emerged from the data. Consensus was reached on a single, 65-word definition of IHC. Conclusion An unambiguous definition of IHC is critical to establishing a clearer identity for IHC, as well as providing greater clarity for consumers, health providers and policy makers. In recognising the need for a clearer description, we propose a scientifically-grounded, multi-disciplinary stakeholder-informed definition of IHC.
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    Burn injury models of care: A review of quality and cultural safety for care of Indigenous children
    (Elsevier, 2017-11-27) Fraser, Sarah ; Grant, Julian ; MacKean, Tamara Jade ; Hunter, Kate ; Holland, Andrew J A ; Clapham, Kathleen ; Teague, Warwick J ; Ivers, Rebecca Q
    Safety and quality in the systematic management of burn care is important to ensure optimal outcomes. It is not clear if or how burn injury models of care uphold these qualities, or if they provide a space for culturally safe healthcare for Indigenous peoples, especially for children. This review is a critique of publically available models of care analysing their ability to facilitate safe, high-quality burn care for Indigenous children. Models of care were identified and mapped against cultural safety principles in healthcare, and against the National Health and Medical Research Council standard for clinical practice guidelines. An initial search and appraisal of tools was conducted to assess suitability of the tools in providing a mechanism to address quality and cultural safety. From the 53 documents found, 6 were eligible for review. Aspects of cultural safety were addressed in the models, but not explicitly, and were recorded very differently across all models. There was also limited or no cultural consultation documented in the models of care reviewed. Quality in the documents against National Health and Medical Research Council guidelines was evident; however, description or application of quality measures was inconsistent and incomplete. Gaps concerning safety and quality in the documented care pathways for Indigenous peoples’ who sustain a burn injury and require burn care highlight the need for investigation and reform of current practices.
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    Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Measure Attitude change in Health Professionals after Completion of an Aboriginal Health and Cultural Safety Training Programme
    (Cambridge University Press, 2017-12-11) Ryder, Courtney ; MacKean, Tamara Jade ; Ullah, Shahid ; Burton, Heather ; Halls, Heather ; McDermott, Dennis Roy ; Edmondson, Wendy
    Socially accountable health curricula, designed to decrease Aboriginal health inequities through the transformation of health professional students into culturally safe practitioners, has become a focal point for health professional programmes. Despite this inclusion in health curricula there remains the question of how to best assess students in this area in relation to the concept, of cultural safety and transformative unlearning, to facilitate attitudinal change. To address this question, this study developed a research questionnaire to measure thematic areas of transformative unlearning, cultural safety and critical thinking in Aboriginal Health for application on undergraduate and postgraduate students and faculty staff. The Likert-scale questionnaire was developed and validated through face and content validity. Test–retest methodology was utilised to determine stability and reliability of the questionnaire with 40 participants. The extent of agreement and reliability were determined through weighted kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient. Exploratory factor analysis was calculated to determine construct validity for questionnaire items. For the overall population subset the tool met good standards of reliability and validity, with 11 of the 15 items reaching moderate agreement (κ > 0.6) and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.72, suggesting substantial agreement. Cronbach's alpha was calculated above 0.7 for the thematic areas. The majority of items provided high factor loadings, low loading items will be reviewed to strengthen the tool, where validations of the revised tool with a larger cohort will allow future use to compare and determine effective teaching methodologies in Aboriginal health and cultural safety curricula.
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    ‘Yarning up with Koori kids’ – hearing the voices of Australian urban Indigenous children about their health and well-being
    (Taylor & Francis Group, 2016-10-21) Priest, Naomi C ; Thompson, Laura ; MacKean, Tamara Jade ; Baker, Alison Camelia ; Waters, Elizabeth
    Objective: Australian Indigenous children experience some of the most substantial health inequalities globally. In this context, research regarding their health and well-being has overemphasised physical illnesses with limited exploration of a diverse range of dimensions and determinants, particularly those based on Indigenous holistic understandings of health and well-being. This deficit-based approach has thus missed many strengths and assets of Indigenous children. This research aimed to gain insight into the perspectives of Indigenous children about their health and well-being in an urban setting in Australia. It joins a limited international literature examining views and experiences of non-majority children. Design: Participatory and qualitative child-friendly research methods were utilised. The project was developed in partnership with Indigenous community organisations and members. Photo-elicitation activities and focus groups were conducted with 31 Indigenous children aged 8–12 years. Qualitative data were analysed thematically, combining focus group and interview data. Results: It was evident an urban Indigenous child perspective of health and well-being includes rich understandings of the interconnectedness of physical, social-emotional and cultural dimensions of holism, as well as the integral importance of family and community relationships. The study also found that specific worries regarding loss of loved ones and racism were highly salient in Indigenous children’s lives. Conclusion: The overwhelming conclusion to be drawn from this research is that Indigenous children in urban areas need ongoing recognition of both their agency and resilience in the face of adversity, within a wider context of historical and contemporary racialisation and racism.
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    Hybrid cultures: creating a third space in Aboriginal healthcare
    (Swinburne University, 2015) Willis, Eileen Mary ; Dwyer, Judith Margaret ; Kelly, Janet ; MacKean, Tamara Jade
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    Understanding burn injuries in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children: protocol for a prospective cohort study
    (BMJ Publishing group, 2015-10-13) Ivers, Rebecca Q ; Hunter, Kate ; Clapham, Kathleen ; Coombes, Julieann ; Fraser, Sarah ; Lo, Serigne ; Gabbe, Belinda J ; Hendrie, Delia ; Read, David ; Kimble, Roy ; Sparnon, Anthony ; Stockton, Kellie ; Simpson, Renee ; Quinn, Linda ; Towers, Kurt ; Potokar, Tom S ; MacKean, Tamara Jade ; Grant, Julian ; Lyons, Ronan ; Jones, Lindsey ; Eades, Sandra ; Daniels, John ; Holland, Andrew J A
    Introduction Although Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Australia have higher risk of burns compared with non-Aboriginal children, their access to burn care, particularly postdischarge care, is poorly understood, including the impact of care on functional outcomes. The objective of this study is to describe the burden of burns, access to care and functional outcomes in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Australia, and develop appropriate models of care. Methods and analysis All Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children aged under 16 years of age (and their families) presenting with a burn to a tertiary paediatric burn unit in 4 Australian States (New South Wales (NSW), Queensland, Northern Territory (NT), South Australia (SA)) will be invited to participate. Participants and carers will complete a baseline questionnaire; follow-ups will be completed at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. Data collected will include sociodemographic information; out of pocket costs; functional outcome; and measures of pain, itch and scarring. Health-related quality of life will be measured using the PedsQL, and impact of injury using the family impact scale. Clinical data and treatment will also be recorded. Around 225 participants will be recruited allowing complete data on around 130 children. Qualitative data collected by in-depth interviews with families, healthcare providers and policymakers will explore the impact of burn injury and outcomes on family life, needs of patients and barriers to healthcare; interviews with families will be conducted by experienced Aboriginal research staff using Indigenous methodologies. Health systems mapping will describe the provision of care. Ethics and dissemination The study has been approved by ethics committees in NSW, SA, NT and Queensland. Study results will be distributed to community members by study newsletters, meetings and via the website; to policymakers and clinicians via policy fora, presentations and publication in peer-reviewed journals.