Australian Archaeology, Number 009, 1979

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This is a collection of articles from Issue Number 9, November 1979.

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    Editorial
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Lampert, Ronald John
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    The discovery and preliminary thermoluminescence dating of two Aboriginal cave shelters in the Selwyn Ranges, Queensland
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Mortlock, A J; Price, D; Cardiner, G
    Two apparently undisturbed cave shelters near Selwyn in the Selwyn Ranges in Queensland were discovered by one of us (G.G.) during 1977. The first of these, referred to as Site 1 is located at Lat. 21°23'; Long. 140°32'. The second referred to as Site 2, is located approximately lO km SE of the first. Rock paintings were present in both shelters but were not recorded in detail.
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    A note on the discovery of stone tools and a stratified prehistoric site on King Island, Bass Strait
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Jones, Rhys
    The main archaeological site (Locality 2), located some 400m to the south of the tourist area, is backed by a wind-eroded arena approximately 80m long and 30m wide, cut into a series of sand units which display three main soil formations totaling about 5m in depth, all resting on the basal calcarenite.
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    Journal Notifications
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11)
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    A note on the diet of the Tasmanian Aborigines
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Cane, Scott; Stockton, Jim; Vallance, Amanda
    The Tasmanian Aboriginal diet was drawn from marine and non-marine environments, in which food resources varied according to habitat. Alpine and rain forest environments provided a limited supply of plant food, whereas the wet and dry schlerophyll forests provided an abundant supply of plant and animal foods. The coastal zones, despite a deceptively barren appearance, supplied a consistently rich plant and marsupial food resource that was supplemented by large shellfish grounds and a seasonal abundance of birds and certain mammals.
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    Thermoluminescence dating of objects and materials from the South Pacific region
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Mortlock, A J
    A general account is given of the results of the thermoluminescence dating of objects and materials from sites in Oceania. These include potsherds from Mailu Island off the southcoast of Papua New Guinea, volcanic ash layers from near Mt Hagen in the Western Highlands of the same country, and fire hearths from ancient Aboriginal habitations at Lake Mungo, New South Wales. The differences between these results and corresponding radiocarbon ages are briefly discussed.
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    Settlement patterns on offshore islands in Northeastern Queensland
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Campbell, John B.
    For the purposes of this study the offshore islands in northeastern Queensland are taken as those lying between Bowen and Cairns. As a matter of convenience these islands are divided into 'major' and 'minor' islands, the major ones being at least l0 km or more in their greatest dimension and the minor ones less than that. This classification allows for an apparent bimodal dispersion in the relative size of the islands.
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    Mutilated hands or signal stencils? A consideration of irregular hand stencils from Central Queensland
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Walsh, G.L.
    Stencil art, although widespread throughout the rock art regions of Australia, has been largely overlooked by rock art researchers who have tended to specialise in engraving and freehand painting. Nonetheless, most students of Aboriginal art would be only too familiar with the nearly ubiquitous 'hand stencils'. Among the many galleries of the central Queensland sandstone belt, where stencils dominate the motifs, an interesting variation of the common hand stencil is encountered. This variation consists of stencils of both left and right hands, contorted to form unusual patterns, some appearing to have missing, partly missing, or distorted fingers.
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    Sheerlegs as an archaeological aid
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Cane, Scott; Cane, Elizabeth
    The name sheerlegs is given to a tripod used as a mechanical aid that has its apex tied together with a sheerlashing. As such, sheerlegs may have many uses, for example to suspend a block and tackle or to support various objects - the crown or apex being very stable and the leg arrangement being flexible so as to easily provide different heights.
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    A stratified archaeological site on great Glennie Island, Bass Strait
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Jones, Rhys; Allen, Jim
    The minimum distance to Wilson's Promontory is 7km, but this is to the 40m perpendicular cliffs of Oberon Point. The only feasible landing or embarking places on the west coast of the Promontory opposite the island group are the beaches of Oberon Bay, Norman Bay at Tidal River or Squeaky Beach to the north. In all cases, the minimum open sea distance to the anchorage on the island is 9km. In western and southern Tasmania there was an inverse relationship between the intensity of use of an offshore island and the minimum cross-sea distance required to reach it.
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    The V.O.C ship ZEEWIJK lost in 1727. A preliminary report on the 1977 survey of the site
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11)
    An account of the loss of the V.O.C. (Verrenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) ship ‘Zeewijk’ (1727) and a report on the first season of investigation of the site has already been published (Ingelman-Sundberg 1976, Ingelman-Sundberg 1977). This paper is a report on the 1977 survey which deals with the hydrographic, land and underwater surveys and excavation work carried out during the 1977 expedition.
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    Remote sensing for shipwreck location. Or, all your problems solved.
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Cave, Jenny J B; Stockton, Jim
    A routine site inspection of a proposed shipwreck salvage excavation revealed a technique with important ramifications for survey archaeology. Its potential may prove disastrous to the present job market for field archaeologists.
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    Burial cylinders. The essence of a dilemma in public archaeology
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11) Robins, R.P.; Walsh, G.L.
    The proper management of Aboriginal archaeological burials raises basic problems for public archaeological agencies in Australia. We examine the implications of some of these problems using bark cylinder burials from the central southern highlands of Queensland as an example. An outline of the nature, contents, and the history of these burials is given. This history and its implications are then compared with the results of a rescue operation that was the direct result of the implementation of the policy of a public archaeological agency. The policy was found to be inadequate to protect this invaluable archaeological resource.
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    Table of Contents
    (Australian Archaeological Association, 1979-11)