Wyatt, Sir Thomas

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    Wyatt's 'There was never nothing more me payned': a reply to John Douglas Boyd
    (Oxford University Press, 1971-10) Daalder, Joost
    As far as Wyatt's poem is concerned, I think Boyd's critical problems are largely of his own making. This does not necessarily invalidate his claim that a critic, in interpreting a literary work, may seize on one interpretation rather than another because of his own personal background. However, I would at all times argue that such a critic's interpretation is academically legitimate only if it is supported by textual evidence; secondly, that if the text supports another interpretation the first critic's view of it is only an incomplete truth; thirdly, that the literary critic can only appeal to the text and such 'objective' background (i.e. not the experience of a single reader) as may help to explain the text, and that the study of 'fundamental moral, psychological, even ontological judgments derived from our experience outside the poem' lies outside our province.
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    Some major errors of transcription in recent editions of Wyatt's poetry
    (The University Press of Kentucky, 1988-04) Daalder, Joost
    It is almost an understatement to say that the question as to how Wyatt should be edited is controversial. The most conservative editors are inclined to produce old-spelling transcripts of what they see as the most authoritative primary sources, while a much more radical approach is advocated by someone like H.A. Mason in 'Editing Wyatt' (Cambridge, 1972), who likes modernization, freely selects what according to his taste are the "best" readings in the sources, and "emends" those sources without restraint.
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    Text and meaning of Wyatt's 'Like as the byrde in the cage enclosed'
    (University of Colorado, 1986-12) Daalder, Joost
    "Like as the byrde" has been so consistently misrepresented in texts which editors have offered that it seemed mandatory, now, to print the text from the most authoritative source without adulteration, and to comment on the most significant points of interpretation which need to be taken into account by any editor punctuating the poem as well as by any reader who seeks to understand the poem but who, when consulting the two most modern editions of Wyatt, will not find either a text which is unequivocally correct or adequate explanations of the textual difficulties at issue.
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    Seneca and Wyatt's second satire
    (Didier Erudition, 1985) Daalder, Joost
    In his poetry, Wyatt openly acknowledges Seneca's impact upon him. Seneca, he realized, could teach him how to apply his intelligence to achieving perfect happiness. Interestingly, happiness was incompatible with the emotions produced by love. Instead, as Seneca put it, "one must take refuge in philosophy".
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    Rhetoric and revision in Wyatt's poems
    (Australasian Universities Language and Literature Association, 1969-05) Daalder, Joost
    In this paper the author considers, from a critical point of view, revisions made by Wyatt himself in his own poems.
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    Sir Thomas Wyatt: Collected poems
    (Oxford University Press, 1975) Daalder, Joost (Editor)
    An edition offering correct and annotated transcripts of the primary sources containing Wyatt's and other early Tudor verse is badly needed; meanwhile it is hoped that the present volume will provide the general reader with as accurate a modernized text as can at this stage be constructed, and that the annotation will help him to understand and to enjoy Wyatt's poems, which are increasingly attracting attention for their intrinsic significance and appeal.
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    The Significance of the 'Tho' signs in Wyatt's Egerton Manuscript
    (Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 1987) Daalder, Joost
    There are some features about the Egerton Manuscript 2711, containing Thomas Wyatt's verse amongst that of other authors, which scholars have found rather puzzling. In particular, there has been considerable controversy about the question of authorship. There is some disagreement as to whether someone close to Wyatt was responsible for putting 'Tho' signs in the margins of the manuscript, or whether they are in fact in the poet's own hand. In either case, it might be argued that 'Tho' is offered as a sign of authorship; however, the argument would have even greater force if the 'Tho' signs are indeed in Wyatt's hand, as Daalder believes they are.
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    Wyatt's Prosody Revisited
    (Queens College of the City University of New York, 1977) Daalder, Joost
    In this paper the author offers an entirely new view of Wyatt's prosody. The approach adopted and the conclusion derived from it should also prove pertinent to the study of prosody generally.
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    Wyatt’s ‘Patience’ Poems
    (Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 1990) Daalder, Joost
    Four poems starting with the word 'patience' are usually thought of as Wyatt's: 'Patience, though I have not', 'Patience for my device', Patience, for I have wrong', and 'Patience of all my smart'. Of these the first two are the most interesting and important. Study of these poems in the Devonshire MS shows how, presumably, they were originally conceived as a pair by the author. The connection was lost when Wyatt revised the two poems so as to make them independent units, as they are in the MS with the highest authority (Egerton). The versions in the so-called Blage MS appear to reflect a transitional stage between Devonshire and Egerton, while variants unique to the Arundel MS are later and without any authority.
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    Wyatt’s Proverbial ‘Though the wound be healed, yet a scar remains’
    (Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co., 1986) Daalder, Joost
    Tottel's anthology, Songes and Sonettes (1557), was published well after the death of both Wyatt and Surrey. To the best of our knowledge, Wyatt's poem CCXLIV had not appeared in print before then, as neither had Surrey's My Ratclif, when thy rechlesse youth offendes. Wyatt's poem was almost certainly written during his imprisonment in the Tower early in 1541, and Surrey no doubt remembered it when he wrote his own poem while he was imprisoned in his turn, in 1542, or (again) in 1543. Surrey must have known Wyatt's poem from a manuscript version, whichever it was. Surrey's reference to Wyatt's authorship is therefore a significant attribution, as it precedes Tottel's by something like a dozen years.
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    Wyatt Manuscripts and “The Court of Venus”
    (Bibliographical Society of Australia and New Zealand, 1984) Daalder, Joost
    This article aims to demonstrate the differences and similarities between manuscripts containing poems by Wyatt and 'The Court of Venus'. The manuscripts examined include the Egerton Manuscript, the Devonshire Manuscript, the Blage Manuscript, the Arundel Harington Manuscript and Tottel's Miscellany.
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    Review of "The Art of Naming" by Ferry
    (Oxford University Press, 1991) Daalder, Joost
    A favourable review of Anne Ferry's book "The Art of Naming" (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1988). Daalder states that this book makes a valuable contribution to the study of sixteenth-century literature; to say that the book is valuable is not, however, to imply that it has no shortcomings. Nonetheless, despite some drawbacks, Daalder considers Ferry's book to be something of a minor masterpiece.
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    Review of "English Metrical Psalms: Poetry as Praise and Prayer, 1535-1601" by Zim.
    (Oxford University Press, 1989) Daalder, Joost
    A favourable review of Rivkah Zim's book "English Metrical Psalms: Poetry as Praise and Prayer, 1535-1601" (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
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    Wyatt's "Defamed guiltiness by silence unkept"
    (Heldref Publications, 1986) Daalder, Joost
    In this article, Daalder addresses some difficulties present in Rebholz's edition of Wyatt's poem, "Defamed guiltiness by silence unkept". Particular attention is paid to Rebholz's editorial changes to the punctuation and syntax in this poem.
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    Are Wyatt's Poems in Egerton MS 2711 in Chronological Order?
    (Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group, 1988) Daalder, Joost
    In this article, Daalder's intention is to consider the question whether the poems in Egerton MS 2711 are in chronological sequence. The question is, after all, one of considerable importance. If the poems are in chronological order, we would have an opportunity for studying Wyatt's development as a poet, while otherwise that opportunity is denied to us (no primary source other than E is considered to offer it). Daalder therefore examines the relevant evidence here.
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    Recovering the Text of Wyatt's "Disdain me not without desert"
    (Routledge, 1986) Daalder, Joost
    Wyatt's "Disdain me not without desert", occurs in three sixteenth century sources. One of these, which is the best known, is Songes and Sonettes, printed by Richard Tottel in 1557, popularly referred to as "Tottel's Miscellany". It is the only text which credits Wyatt with authorship of the poem. On the whole, scholars have faith in Tottel's attributions, and there is really no good reason for doubting that the poem is Wyatt's. The state of the text, however, gives some cause for concern. If one compares versions of Wyatt's poems as found in Tottel's text (T) with those which occur in the most authoritative manuscript (which, indeed, contains poems in Wyatt's own hand), viz. MS. Egerton 2711 in the British Library, one is struck by T's departures from the Egerton manuscript (E). These departures in T do not seem to be accidental. On the contrary, many of the poems in T appear to be clearly derived from E or a source very much like that, but have been subjected to a process of editorial revision.
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    Wyatt's 'I lead a life unpleasant': Text and Interpretation
    (Oxford University Press, 1988) Daalder, Joost
    In this article, Daalder discusses how many editors have wrongly tampered with the text of "I lead a life unpleasant", found in the most authoritative Wyatt manuscript (Egerton MS 2711 in the British Library), so as to make it significantly different from its original as a result of a misinterpretation of the sense.
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    Wyatt and the Obstacles to Happiness
    (Oxford University Press, 1984) Daalder, Joost
    In this article, Professor Daalder reveals that much of the importance and interest of Wyatt's human content appears to lie in what are the speaker's – and no doubt Wyatt's own – psychological shortcomings in the pursuit of his well-being. He explains how, no matter what the impact of real events on Wyatt may have been, and despite the fact that the speaker of the poems again and again appears to look outside himself for causes of his distress, the observant reader cannot finally avoid the impression of a mind creating its own internal obstacles to happiness.
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    Editing Wyatt
    (Oxford University Press, 1973) Daalder, Joost
    This article provides an examination of the 'Collected Poems of Sir Thomas Wyatt', edited by Kenneth Muir and Patricia Thomson, together with suggestions for an improved edition.
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    Wyatt and "Liberty": a Postscript
    (Oxford University Press, 1985) Daalder, Joost
    Professor Daalder revisits his 1973 article, 'Wyatt and "Liberty"', in order to support his earlier critical views with scholarly material. In this article, Daalder suggests that Wyatt's concept of 'liberty' is one which he derives substantially from Seneca.