Browsing Proceedings of the 6th Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, 2005 by Title
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ItemAlexandrian Identity and the Coinage Commemorating Nero's 'Liberation' of the Greeks.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Couvalis, Spyridon GeorgeThe emperor Nero visited Greece in 66–67 CE to compete in the prestigious festivals of old Greece. He declared the Greeks of Akhaea and the Peloponnese 'liberated' during his visit. Apart from the cities affected by his munificence or visited by him, only Alexandria clearly commemorated his visit on coins. It issued a prolific series of commemoratives celebrating the central festival deities of old Greece. Couvalis places Nero’s 'liberation' in the context of the activities of the Greek upper classes in the period 50–250 CE. He argues that the issue of the Alexandrian coins can be most plausibly explained by assuming that the governor of Egypt, a Hellenised lapsed Jew aptly named Tiberius Julius Alexander, was attempting to curry favour with the philhellenic Nero and the Alexandrian Greeks. The Alexandrian Greeks wanted to affirm that Alexandria was truly Greek as they felt threatened by Jewish claims to equal privileges. ItemAncient Atomism and Cosmogony.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Gregory, AndrewHow should we treat the cosmogonies of the early ancient Greek philosophers? Much work has been done in showing how these cosmogonies differ from creation myths and how they relate to philosophical issues such as change, persistence through change and matter theory. Here, using Leucippus and Democritus as examples, Gregory tries to show that interesting light can be shed on these cosmogonies by looking at them in relation to perennial problems in cosmogony and perennial types of solutions to these problems. Ancients and moderns have formulated both in different ways, but there are significant structural similarities. To understand ancient cosmogonies, we need to understand how these perennial problems were perceived, and what types of solutions were available. We then need to analyse how the basic ontological and aetiological principles of their systems lead them to choose certain types of solution over others. ItemAncient Greece and the Origins of Science.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Gregory, AndrewThis paper was given as a public lecture to open the 2005 Conference of Greek Studies. It presents a case for locating the origins of science with the ancient Greeks. Although this was once a common view, it has come under fire in the latter part of the twentieth century. The main case is presented briefly, along with some new considerations in favour of the Greeks as the originators of science. There is then a discussion of some of the strategies that might be employed to counter some of the objections that have been raised, either relating to some of the weaknesses of Greek science or to some of the methodological issues involved in approaching ancient Greek science. ItemAristotle and the Eternal Caterpillar.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Couvalis, Spyridon George; Roux, Suzanne RaymondeDesign arguments are arguments from apparent purposiveness to the conclusion that there is an intelligent deliberating being who planned the order in the world. Socrates and Plato put such arguments. Empedocles, Democritus and Epicurus argue that all such purposiveness, except for the action of intelligent beings like humans or gods, is only apparent. We point out that both camps share the common assumption that all cases of working for the sake of something involve intelligent deliberation. Using Aristotle, we argue that this assumption is false. Unintelligent creatures can act for the sake of something. We use this argument and Aristotle’s further remarks to also argue that this shows that if there were a designer of the universe which acted for the sake of producing living things, it might well be an unintelligent designer, like an eternal caterpillar. ItemAristotle's Theory of Justice as the Basis of Rawls' Justice as Fairness.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Hunt, Ian EdgellAristotle distinguishes between general justice and particular justice. I argue that this distinction identifies a fundamental issue of justice that remains even in what Rawls terms a 'well-ordered society'. This is the issue of the fair distribution of the burdens and benefits of social cooperation. Rawls develops Aristotle's conception of particular justice through arguing that the proper subject of justice as fairness is the 'basic structure' of society. Further, his distinction between 'ideal' and 'non-ideal' theory clarifies Aristotle’s otherwise confusing distinction within 'particular' justice between distributive and corrective, or regulative, justice. ItemAristotle: Critic or Pioneer of Atomism?(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Chalmers, Alan FAristotle is typically construed as a critic of atomism. He was indeed a critic of atomism of the extreme kind formulated by Democritus, according to which bulk matter is made of nothing other than unchangeable pieces of universal matter possessing shape and size and capable of motion in the void. However, there is a weaker kind of atomism involving the assumption that macroscopic substances have least parts which have properties sufficient to account for the properties of the bulk substances that they are least parts of. Insofar as atomism has been vindicated by modern science, it is the weaker version of atomism that has proved to be profitable. The beginnings of the weaker version of atomism are to be found in Aristotle. Far from being an opponent of atomism, there is a sense in which Aristotle was one of its pioneers. ItemAspects of Interlanguage Contact: Greek and Australian English.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Kanarakis, GeorgeLinguists accept that no languages, the users of which have come into contact with one another, are completely pure and free of transferred and borrowed language forms. Interlanguage transferences and borrowings, therefore, are considered a natural, universal phenomenon, and not accidental. This paper aims at providing a cohesive account of the linguistic situation which has resulted from the interlanguage contact between Greek and Australian English. It will focus on two essential aspects: the impact of Australian English upon Greek in the immigrant context of Australia, and the influence of Greek upon Australian English. To present a more comprehensive picture, it will examine both direct and indirect influences, as well as their impact on different levels of language analysis (mainly phonological, morphological, and lexical), illustrated by a variety of oral and written (including literary) examples. ItemBilingualism on the Internet: The Teaching/Learning of Greek as a Second Language in Higher Education.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Kourtis-Kazoullis, VasiliaIn the last few years we have observed a rapid increase in Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL). These applications include software that aims at the teaching of first, second and foreign languages, applications on the Internet or both. The historical retrospection of CALL shows its development, beginning from its first applications in the 1960s up to this date (Warschauer and Healy, 1998). Today more possibilities exist in respect to new technologies but also theories of language learning and pedagogies that go beyond traditional orientations. This paper proposes ways in which Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can be used to enhance the teaching/learning of the Greek language in departments of Greek studies in higher education outside Greece. It describes an Internet based application for the teaching/learning of Greek as a second language, “Λόγου χάρη” ('Logou hari') (Kourtis-Kazoullis, 2005), which is based on the creative analysis and production of literary texts, as well as collaboration between university classes. ItemThe Cannon of the Medieval City of Rhodes, based on the Manuscript and Illustrations of Johannes Hedenborg (1854).(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Stefanidou, AlexandraJohannes Hedenborg (1800–1870), a doctor and historian, after extensive travel in Europe, Asia and Africa chose to settle on the island of Rhodes. He tirelessly collected material for a five-volume work in German entitled "History of the Island of Rhodes, from antiquity until today, with a historical review of the Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Franks and Turks who ruled the island, with a collection of many inscriptions and illustrations especially of medieval monuments (1854)". In the fifth volume of the work of Hedenborg we can find the illustrations of cannon which were in use during the period of the Knights of St John, in certain positions in the walls of the medieval city of Rhodes. Through the combination of the manuscript and these illustrations we can learn about their positions and what they looked like. ItemClassification of the Primary Sources of Children's Literature in Greek in the Decade 1995-2005, with the Assistance of Data Analysis Methods.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Papantonakis, Georgios; Athanasiadis, IliasThis paper attempts to chart the landscape in literature for children and young people by examining data such as subject matter, first-person and third-person narration, characters (gender, age), year of initial publication, re-issues, gender of author, age of author at initial publication, place of issue, illustration, originality and parody (adaptations). Based on the data collected, this paper proposes a classification for the body of Greek literature for children and young people that is being investigated. ItemDarwinian Thought in Grigorios Xenopoulos' "Athenian Letters".(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Zaramis, MariaWhile literary writers have responded creatively to Darwinism since its beginnings with "The Origin of Species" (1859), literary scholarship has reacted accordingly — but not within Greece. Literary scholarship which takes a Darwinian approach to the various genres of modern Greek literature is scant in proportion to the plethora of scholarship on non-Greek Darwinian literature. This paper is derived from a section of my doctoral thesis which examines Darwinian and other evolutionary thought in the early twentieth-century writings of Grigorios Xenopoulos. The paper provides a synoptic view of the Darwinian thought in selected letters written by Xenopoulos in the children’s magazine Η Διάπλασις των Παίδων ('The Children’s Guidance'), which was published between 1879 and 1948. It focuses on the gender issue, the issue of religion versus science and in particular creationism versus evolution theory; and finally Xenopoulos’ use of Darwinian concepts, such as gradualism, in discussing human character. The paper not only provides some insight into Xenopoulos but also reflects the impact of evolutionary ideas in society at the time, at a local and international level. ItemDedication to Georgina Tsioris.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007)This volume is dedicated to the memory of Georgina Tsioris and all of the women of Greece who came to Australia in the 1950s to begin a new life. Mrs Tsioris was the mother of Thea Groom, CEO of Leafbusters Pty Ltd, who has generously sponsored the publication of this volume. ItemDid Aristotle have a concept of 'intuition'? Some thoughts on translating 'nous'.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Baltussen, HanIn this paper Baltussen proposes to review existing translations of 'nous' in Aristotle in order to show that translating it as 'intuition' is problematic. A proposal to find a new direction for interpreting the term is given, based on a richer understanding of the modern notion of intuition in cognitive psychology. The paper ends by adding some passages to the usual set which deserve further investigation. ItemÉloge des larmes: Με λογισμό και δάκρυα(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Tsianikas, MichaelPlease note: this article is in Greek. When and why do people cry? This is a very interesting cultural question, in particular if we are examining this topic throughout the development of different cultures. In this paper I will only try to focus on selective periods that will allow us to understand the cultural diversity of crying. At first, I will refer briefly to the ancient Greek culture when, for example, Plato, in his “perfect” Republic does not allow people to weep publicly. Later when a more “popular” Christianity arises, tears are more frequent than in the first period of Christianity. An important part of this paper will then focus on the Romanticism and especially the Modern Greek Romanticism with specific references to Kalvos and Solomos. It seems that in Solomos’ poetry tears are becoming less frequent in his late or “mature” period. Then I will examine Kariotakis’, Cavafis’ and Egonopoulos’ works. Finally, I will focus on Pentzikis’ “compositions” using references from various texts: in particular I will focus on Pentzikis’s text “With reason and tears” from his book “Water Overflowing”. This will allow us to interconnect Solomos’ mind and Pentzikis’ “inter-lect” and I will conclude that in Pentzikis’ “dictional” creation nothing separates tears and reason — and that spiritual or material bodies arise together in an un-cultural landscape full of waters and dry stones. ItemThe European Union as a New Context and Challenge for the Triangle of Greece, Cyprus and Turkey.(Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2007) Joseph, Joseph SThis paper deals with Greek–Turkish relations and the Cyprus problem in the context of EU interests and concerns in the region. It argues that today, more than ever before, the EU can play a catalytic role in finding a long overdue settlement on Cyprus and improving Greek–Turkish relations. Following the development of a spirit of rapprochement across the Aegean in the late 1990s, the accession of Cyprus to the EU in 2004, and the commencement of accession negotiations between Turkey and the EU in October 2005, the political setting in the region is changing. It is also argued that a settlement on Cyprus in the context of European integration has the potential to produce only winners, benefiting all parties involved in the island or concerned over peace and security in the Eastern Mediterranean.