Browsing Tourism by Subject "Australian Standard Research Classification > Tourism > 350503 Impacts of Tourism"
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ItemChanging Heritage, Changing Values, Memories of Two World Wars in the Barossa Valley(School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture & Urban Design, University of Adelaide, 2002) Leader-Elliott, Lynette FrancesThe concept of cultural heritage has changed significantly since the 1970s, when the first formal systems for registering and protecting heritage places were set up at national and state level in Australia. It has expanded to include the less powerful groups in society as well as dominant groups and the vernacular, commonplace and recent as well as the grand and ‘old’. Social value has emerged as a criterion in heritage identification, opening possibilities for more inclusive assessment and listings. Social value is particularly relevant at local level and has influenced new recommendations for local heritage listings for twentieth century war memorials (monuments, halls and sculpture) in the Barossa Valley in South Australia. During World War I, Barossa German communities were suspected of disloyalty and persecuted. Discrimination against this community in World War II was present but less severe. Barossa men from German backgrounds fought with the Australian armed forces in both wars. Some were killed. World War I memorials, including three town halls, were built in the 1920s when the memories of persecution and ostracism were fresh. Claiming full rights as Australian citizens was important for the self-respect and Australian identity of the Barossa German community. Additional plaques and some extensions were added to the memorials following World War II. Applying predominantly architectural criteria has excluded from State and National heritage registers these memorials to events which profoundly affected the community. A recent local heritage survey recommends that several Barossa war memorials be included in a local heritage register for their social and historical value. Their formal local heritage listing will acknowledge their cultural significance to the community and provide a mechanism for conservation and management through the Development Plan. ItemCommunity Building in Regional Australia: the Creative Volunteering Training Program.(Queensland Department of Main Roads, 2005-12) Leader-Elliott, Lynette Frances1. Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia 2. Regional Arts Australia, Port Adelaide, South Australia, Australia Many of the community organisations that sustain cultural life in regional Australia are run entirely or mostly by volunteers. They are a vital part of the nation’s cultural capital and they increasingly need skills in planning, marketing, obtaining resources and building networks to survive. A specially designed program to train community-based volunteers in these and other essential skill areas was developed and run successfully through 500 workshops in 125 Australian regions over 2003–2004. Funded by the Australian government and led by NGO Regional Arts Australia, the Creative Volunteering project has succeeded in developing community capacity and active citizenship in the regions where it has operated. Critical success factors included training content and format designed to suit the needs of volunteers in small, often isolated communities; selecting trainers for their ability to work with community organisations and with people from diverse backgrounds; building on the skills and knowledge of all participants; encouraging active involvement and structuring workshops so that participants were encouraged to collaborate with people from other organisations. Administrative systems and training were both designed to allow different modes of operation to suit each state, while ensuring quality was maintained. Strong partnerships between regional arts organisations, registered vocational training organisations and Flinders University were central to success. "Creative Volunteering" has strengthened existing organisations, and encouraged extensive community networking between organisations and individuals. New cultural and other community activities are planned or underway. The program has proved suitable for a wide range of community organisations as well as small businesses. ItemCommunity heritage interpretation games: A case study from Angaston, South Australia(Routledge, 2003-05)The residents of Angaston in South Australia, have worked on interpreting their town’s history since the early 1990s. Heritage walks brochures and interpretive plaques attracted, and continue to attract, steady interest from adults interested in history. An attempt to broaden the audience base to include children and ‘younger people’ in general, led to the development of an interpretive game designed as a choose-your-own adventure and intended for conversion to CD as a computer game. Although the town had an interpretation plan and keen local historians, the project ultimately shed its historical base and became a cartoon-like ‘choose your own adventure’ game which did not attract its intended market. This case study demonstrates the difficulty of achieving heritage interpretation with integrity when working within the complex dynamics of a small community. Some strategies to assist community-based interpretation projects are suggested. ItemHeritage, Tourism and Integrity – Making it Work(AIMA, 2001) Leader-Elliott, Lynette FrancesThis paper examines some of the issues that arise when heritage and tourism intersect, and briefly discusses two recent Australian projects which take different approaches but which both offer guidelines for achieving the economic benefits of tourism while respecting the principles of heritage conservation and management. Item"Holiday Business: Tourism in Australia since 1870" by Jim Davidson and Peter Spearritt [review](Historical Society of South Australia, 2001) Leader-Elliott, Lynette FrancesTourism, as "Holiday Business" claims ‘is one of Australia’s biggest, most important and most interesting industries’. Davidson and Spearritt aim to ‘draw attention to the broad trends and meanings in tourism’ using a limited number of sites as examples. The authors have written a lively, entertaining history of holiday business (rather than tourism) in parts of Australia. The book is wonderfully illustrated with images of brochures, postcards, posters and photographs, drawn mostly from the authors’ collections. Although "Holiday Business" claims wider territory than is justified by the content it is a valuable and enjoyable addition to the literature on tourism in Australia. ItemIndigenous Cultural Tourism as part of the Birdsville/Strezlecki experience.(AIATSIS, 2002) Leader-Elliott, Lynette FrancesThis paper examines some issues relating to inclusion of Australian Indigenous cultural heritage in a recent heritage tourism study carried out along the Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks in South Australia and Queensland. Tourism surveys show low levels of perception of 'Aboriginality' linked to the outback, possibly connected to the poor representation of Indigenous cultural association with the study region in tourist literature as well as on the ground. Legislative and administrative considerations led to the omission of Indigenous heritage from the heritage tourism study which was required to concentrate on post-non-Indigenous-settlement historic heritage. The report recommended that the Indigenous story be told where appropriate, and that this be based on consultation with Indigenous communities to identify places suitable for interpretation so that a layered understanding of peoples and place could be developed.