Browsing April 2008 by Subject "Criminology"
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ItemAustralian Crime Trends and Population Ageing:A Quantified Perspective(Flinders University School of Law, 2008-04) Rosevear, LisaGiven that 15-24 year olds have a higher incidence of criminal involvement than other age groups, structural ageing can be expected to have a profound impact on crime trends. The purpose of this paper is to present preliminary findings from a research project that seeks to quantify the proportion of historical and projected change across the Australian criminal justice system attributable to changes in the population age structure. Major findings are that an age structure/crime pattern does exist, and operates in accordance with offender age profiles and the timing of the onset of demographic change. ItemThe Prevention of Bushfire Arson through Target Hardening(Flinders University School of Law, 2008-04) Christensen, WarrenAn analysis of the Queensland Department of Primary Industries & Fisheries (Forestry) (DPI&F (Forestry)) Wildfire Data Base indicates that, in comparison to all other DPI&F (Forestry) districts the Beerburrum forestry district is a significant ‘hot spot’ of bushfire arson activity. A situational crime prevention paradigm was used to analyse the Beerburrum forestry district to determine the environmental factors that resulted in this district becoming a ‘hot spot’ of bushfire arson activity. This analysis found that factors such as proximity to population centres, extensive road networks and low levels of staff ‘guardianship’ contributed to the genesis of the Beerburrum bushfire arson ‘hot spot’. The paper argues that situational crime prevention techniques, such as the use of prescribed burns (to reduce ‘payoffs’ to arsonists), can be used to target harden discrete geographical bushfire arson ‘hot spots’, such as Beerburrum, making bushfire arson more difficult, less rewarding and excusable to potential arsonists. ItemTheoretically Sustainable Risks(Flinders University School of Law, 2008-04) Buth, RhainWhether through various risk assessment models, Foucault’s emphasis on governmentality, Ericson’s emphasis on insecurity or Beck’s broader risk society, the concept of risk is frequently drawn upon in criminological theory. But are the techniques and ideologies affiliated with risk and its management sustainable? This paper adds to critical criminological discussions of risk by raising insights from the body of work on environmental sustainability, which interestingly speaks to many of the core features of risk yet with an emphasis on susceptibility, vulnerability and systemic outcomes. Significant emphasis will be placed on the conceptual overlap of institutional management strategies when seen through the respective paradigms of risk and sustainability, offering theoretical implications in light of socio-legal/criminological management practices as well as institutional/procedural reform.