Browsing Proceedings of the 7th Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, 2007 by Issue Date
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ItemE-Learning στη Νότια Αυστραλία. Η χρήση των νέων τεχνολογιών στη διδασκαλία της Νέας Ελληνικής σε σχολεία της Νότιας Αυστραλίας(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Litinas, AntoniosPlease note: this article is in Greek. E-Learning of Modern Greek in South Australian schools: This paper attempts to look into the usage of new technologies in teaching Modern Greek in five South Australian Schools, four of them public and one independent. A questionnaire was given to one hundred students with the objective of collecting and analyzing the results. Based on the data collected, a number of conclusions were drawn regarding whether new technologies are actually used, to what extent, and what should be done to utilize them with the best outcome in the future. ItemPlato on Money and Commerical Life(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Walsh, AdrianPlato argued in various works that commercial life is psychologically corrupting. In his two works in which the ideal city is formulated — i.e. The Republic and The Laws — we find proposals for ensuring that the citizens are quarantined from such effects. I argue herein that although Plato’s world is very distinct from our own and his attitudes involve an extreme form of anti-commercialism, his thoughts on how money might corrode still have much to teach us. He describes how societies with large discrepancies in wealth fracture into classes and this undermines any communal solidarity and he considers how immersion in the world of money can corrupt our sense of what is morally appropriate. These lessons are as compelling today as they were in ancient Greece. ItemΤα 'μικρά καθρεφτάκια' και το 'πελώριο λοξό μάτι': η περίπτωση του Δημοσθένη Βουτυρά(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Matsaggou, ElenaPlease note: this article is in Greek. Narrative techniques and the fantastic in Demosthenis Vouteras: Demosthenis Vouteras is a writer that led Greek critics to an impasse while trying to specify the quality and generic identity of his work. Thematic and structural peculiarity, as one of the strongest features of his literary texts, has many times prevented any attempts might have been done as part of a process aiming at the incorporation of the writer in a school, a literary movement or a philosophical current. During the years, many generic characterizations have been ascribed at Vouteras’ narratives but they were so various and diverged that made any further attempt of approaching and analyzing the texts looking just impossible, deprived of literary criteria. Nonetheless, we just may find a way of understanding Vouteras if we take into serious consideration the intense and strange commixture of realistic elements as well as the elliptic description and the allusiveness of his texts as data that impoverish the traditional way of representation and can lead us to a typology of synaeresis throughout a poetics of abstraction. ItemThe Gender of the English Derived Nominal and the Modern Greek Counterpart: A morphological approach(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Mela-Athanasopoulou, ElizabethThe main issue of this paper is to show that for the derived nominalizations1 unmarked for gender in English, the Modern Greek counterparts are nominals, usually of feminine gender, which is always marked due to the high inflectionality of the language. So derived nominals, such as adoption, demonstration, abundance, and brevity, can be replaced by the equivalent Greek nominals, all of feminine gender: υιοθεσία, /ioθesia/, διαδήλωση, /δiaδilosi/, αφθονία, /αfθοηiα/ and βραχύτητα, /vraxitita/. Conversely, underived English nominalizations are replaced by Modern Greek nominals usually of masculine gender and, to a lesser extent, neuter gender according to our statistical work. ItemSocrates and Leisure(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Zafiropoulos, Christos A.In the so-called Socratic dialogues, Socrates introduces the need for σχολή or leisure as the precondition that is necessary for the philosopher to pursue his task. He also makes ideal use of it, contrary to what seems to have been the popular image of the idle philosopher. Thus, a desideratum for academic life was built, on the grounds that philosophers have to reciprocate the gift of leisure by benefiting the whole of community; besides, the idea of intellectual labour was also introduced to balance any negative feelings created in the demos against the luxurious leisure of philosophers and their schools. Philosophical leisure and its conditions could well be an issue in modern academic ethics. ItemO 'άπλαστος αιθέρας': ειδολογικές επισημάνσεις για την ελεγεία του 19ου αιώνα στα Eπτάνησα (Iουλ. Tυπάλδος και Γερ. Mαρκοράς)(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Angelatos, DimitrisPlease note: this article is in Greek. The “unformed ether”: Some points about the genre of elegy of the 19th century Ionian Islands (Ioulios Typaldos and Gerasimos Markoras): This paper will focus on the one hand on the genre of elegy as it evolved in the Ionian islands during the second half of the nineteenth century and, on the other hand will present some exemplary analyses of poems of two of the most distinguished representatives of this genre: Ioulios Typaldos and Gerasimos Markoras. ItemΗ αρχαιογνωσία στο έργο του Νικηφόρου Βρεττάκου(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Xanthaki-Karamanou, Georgia I.; Panagoulea, Nadia K.Please note: this article is in Greek. The reception of Greek antiquity in the poetry of Nikiforos Vrettakos: In this communication an attempt is made to trace the influence of ancient Greek literature on the poetry of N. Vrettakos. The poet is proved to be familiar with the ancient Greek language, Greek mythology, and classical texts. Echoes of mythological and historical figures, of vocabulary, imagery, especially metaphors, and motifs from Homer, Aeschylus (Prometheus), Sophocles (Antigone) and other classical authors are found in poems published from the beginning to the end of his prolific poetic career. Special attention is paid to themes prevailing in his poetry and speeches, such as his sensitivity for human beings, for peace and justice, for bravery against invaders, as well as his respect for human rights and Greek language. Some of his typical poems, as that dedicated to R. Oppenheimer, The Return to Delphi, Farewell to the Sun of Greece, and, especially, his Prometheus, clearly reveal the decisive stimulus to his inspiration by ancient Greek culture. More specifically, the examination of Prometheus shows the typically Aeschylean concepts of freedom of mind and man’s struggle against violence and oppression. Vrettakos succeeded in enriching today’s pursuits and perspectives with the values of classical antiquity. Item'Some sort of an agreed line'. The negotiations for the ceasefire demarcation line in Cyprus, 30 July - 9 August 1974(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Kazamias, GeorgiosUsing recently declassified British documents, this paper looks at the negotiations for the demarcation of an agreed ceasefire line between the invading Turkish forces and the defending Greek-Cypriot National Guard. These negotiations took place in Cyprus between the end of July and 9 August 1974 and were successful only in part, as the attempt to draw a mutually agreed line eventually proved futile. Through the examination of the available documents, this paper highlights a number of areas: it draws a vivid picture of the negotiations themselves and the difficulties they faced; it sheds light on some of the aims and objectives of Britain; it gives some information of the conditions on the ground in Cyprus during the tragic and confused period between the first and second invasion; last but not least, it draws out the aims and ultimate policy of Turkey, the invading power, which were to become amply evident only a few days later. ItemThe Making of a New Transnational Integration Discourse: The case of the Greek-Australian migrants in the 1940s(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Nicolacopoulos, Toula; Vassilacopoulos, GeorgeThis paper will present a history of the formation and goals of the Confederation of Greek Organisations in Australia, the first national federation of Greek-Australian community organisations, established in October 1949. The purpose of the proposed organisation was to facilitate and co-ordinate political programs that extended beyond the narrow confines of the power struggles taking place between the Greek Orthodox Community organisations and the Greek Church authorities in Australia. In our paper we will draw upon the history of the Confederation’s formation to show how the transnational discourse of the confederating community organisations on the one hand distinguished them from the Greek Orthodox Community organisations which relied upon an insular nationalist discourse and on the other drew them towards the internationally emerging human rights discourse of the time. Against the background of the historical record we will also make some methodological observations in relation to current diaspora and transnationalism studies. ItemMarx and Aristotle on the Highest Good(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Hunt, Ian EdgellAristotle claims that the most perfect happiness is a life of contemplation, which is a life as close to the supremely happy lives of the Gods as is possible in human life. This life is more perfectly happy because contemplation, in taking itself as its own object, cannot so easily be deprived of what is necessary for it and thus remains less subject to misfortune. I shall argue that, while there are many affinities between Marx’s conception of the highest good and this conception from Aristotle, Marx differs crucially by taking the highest good to be human rather than godlike. For Marx, the counterpart of being removed from the vicissitudes of fortune is the reduction to a minimum of what he terms the sphere of necessity. The highest good is not a life of contemplation but rather the pursuit of ends that human beings individually and collectively choose for themselves independently of the demands of survival and reproduction. ItemΗ θρησκευτική εκπαίδευση στα Ελληνορθόδοξα Κολέγια της Αυστραλίας(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Kyriakopoulou-Baltatzi, ChrysanthiPlease note: this article is in Greek. Religious education in Greek Orthodox Colleges in Australia: The present paper examines the contribution of the Greek Orthodox Colleges in Australia to the faith formation of their students, taking into consideration that today, global and local dynamics place the practice and the notion of religious learning within an entirely new context. The paper accepts the view that students must have coherent, positive ethnic and religious identities, before they can achieve reflective and meaningful national and global identities. The findings demonstrated that Colleges play an important role in the transmission of the Orthodox faith to their students. The core curriculum content in religious education programs reflects the teaching of Jesus and the sacramental life of the Orthodox Church. Also, parents and teachers have strong confidence that Colleges provide moral safety and security to their students and protect them from negative influences (bullying, peer pressure, pornography). The future role of Colleges as mechanisms of Orthodox faith transmission is dependent on their loyalty to Orthodox Christian values. ItemΕθνική ιδεολογία και νεοελληνική γλυπτική: Η περίπτωση των γλυπτικών απεικονίσεων των Φιλελλήνων(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Mavromichali, EfthimiaPlease note: this article is in Greek. National ideology: Sculptural representations of the Fillelines in Greece during the second half of 19th century: In this article I shall examine three works which were created in honour of the Fillenines Byron and Gladstone: the statue of Byron (1881) in the Garden of Heroes in Messolongi, the statue of Gladstone (1885) at the Propylaia of the university of Athens and the group of Greece glorifying Byron (1895) in the Zappeion Garden. They are important works either for the way their realization was organised and completed or for their compositional idea or even for the diplomatic quakes that they caused at the time. Moreover research into the circumstances of their production and of their reception by the public will reveal that interest in sculpture and its works in the period 1878–1888 was rather for their historic importance than for their artistic value. ItemΔαρβινικό και θετικιστικό πνεύμα στις ιστορίες ζώων του Εμμανουήλ Ροΐδη(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Voyiatzaki, EviPlease note: this article is in Greek. The Darwinian and the positivistic tendency in Roidis short stories dealing with animals: Focusing on “The story of a horse” (1894) and “The story of a hen-coop” (1897), it maintains that the metonymic and allegorical patterns of the animal short stories draw upon Darwin’s scientific thought, Taine’s aesthetics on fable, and Zola’s version of Darwinism as it appears in his preoccupation with the causal relations permeating phenomena. Darwin’s anthropomorphism and zoomorphism, and Zola’s notion of the human beast are employed in a web of reciprocal relationships between natural and social world to support Roidis’ aesthetic predilection for an art varying from the sublime to ridiculous. In drawing a constant parallel between man and animal for satirical and ethical purposes, Roidis’ text invites diverse discourses (philosophical or/and physiological treatise, social analysis, medical document and so on) thus creating the idiosyncratic and intricate style of his poetics. ItemΟ μηχανισμός της εντύπωσης στο 'Άσμα Ασμάτων' του Νικολάου Επισκοποπούλου(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Pieri, AngelaPlease note: this article is in Greek. The mechanism of impression in Nikolaos Episkopopoulos’s “Asma Asmaton”: Representation, reality’s artistic transformation, present in literature and visual arts, is expressed in various ways; among others, by impression, the later defined as the object’s representation through the senses of the recipient. In this paper, we discuss the ways of presentation and activation of the mechanism of impression in Nikolaos Episkopopoulos’s (1874–1944) “Asma Asmaton”. Impression serves, firstly, author’s exclusive task to represent the “ideal–perfect” love and secondly the recipient’s engagement in terms of comprehension of the multi-level theme’s representation. The process towards achieving impression and reaching synaesthesia is inhibited by words that directly or indirectly refer to the human senses. Item'Modern Greek' in 'Byzantium'? The notion of 'early modern' in Greek studies(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Kaplanis, Tassos A.When does modern Greek literature begin? Modern Greek and Byzantine scholarship have used various terms in the past in order to describe the same texts of the so-called vernacular Greek literature. Thus, the Epic of Digenis Akritis, the Chronicle of Moreas, the Paleologan Romances, the poems of Sachlikis, Kornaros, Chortatsis, to name but a few, have all been described as “Byzantine”, “late medieval/protoneohellenic”, “medieval”, “late Byzantine, Renaissance and post-Byzantine”, “modern”, “early modern”, even “Neograeca Medii Aevi”. Although most of these terms can easily be proved a-historical anachronisms (“modern Greek” but also “medieval” and “Byzantine” were completely unknown to the peoples/cultures they aim to describe), one can argue for their necessity, provided that they at least describe accurately literary and related phenomena. In this paper, I will advocate the use of the term “early modern” as the best and most accurate description for this “vernacular” Greek literature in all related contexts (linguistic, historical, social) and I will also reshape its boundaries, gesturing both forward and backward (12th–early 19th c.). ItemPeter Michelides: Globalisation and the demise of a Western Australian tobacco tycoon(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Yiannakis, John NPeter Michelides, having arrived in circa 1901, helped to pioneer Western Australia’s tobacco industry. Joined by his younger brother Michael, they were soon selling handmade cigarettes from Perth street corners. From these humble beginnings Michelides established a large vertically integrated tobacco enterprise, which would become the third largest tobacco company in Australia. At the same time he was a very influential member of the local Greek community, becoming the longest serving president of the Hellenic Community of WA. However, as trade restrictions were lifted during the 1950s multinational corporations impacted on his business, bringing it and the WA tobacco industry to an end. Was this inevitable? Does this example serve as a precursor to what has happened to many Australian companies over the last 20 years? ItemPlaton: Adelaide's Greek Workers' League(Flinders University Department of Languages - Modern Greek, 2009) Nicolacopoulos, Toula; Vassilacopoulos, GeorgeThe year 2007 marks fifty years from the formation of Adelaide’s Greek-Australian workers’ league, Platon. Drawing on the record of the league’s inaugural meeting we offer a snapshot of the hopes and aspirations of the Greek-Australians who identified “the problems of migrant workers”, namely “language, unemployment and a different lifestyle” as a central neglected social issue within Adelaide’s organised community. Through a discussion of the early formative years we argue, firstly, that in close collaboration with Democritus and Atlas, the older established Greek-Australian workers’ leagues of Melbourne and Sydney, Platon counter-posed an alternative to the dominant vision of migrant and ethnic community life which it based on the principles of mutual aid and collective self-determination. Secondly, we illustrate the role that Platon played in the establishment of strong links with the wider Australian labour and social movements.