Browsing Proceedings of the 9th Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, 2011 by Issue Date
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ItemThe Greek audience 'discovers' the Turkish soap-series: Turkey’s 'soft power' and the psyche of Greeks(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Mihalakopoulos, GeorgiosToday’s world is mainly characterised, among other things, by interdependence and confusion. And the best way for a state to distinguish itself from the others is to promote globally a “shiny image”. This kind of strategy focuses on persuasion aiming at the gaining of influence. And this is the rationale behind the promotion of the Turkish TV series globally and especially in the Balkans and the Middle East. This paper tries to elucidate some of the aspects related to the extraordinary, albeit unexpected, success of this “goldmine” called Turkish soap-operas. ItemThe distinction between laiko and logio as a particular characteristic of the Modern Greek language: historical interpretation, contemporary function and didactic usage(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Paradia, Maria; Mitsis, NapoleonIt is well known that the Greek language, despite its long history and the various adventures it has experienced over the centuries and in contrast with other ancient European languages (e.g. Latin), has not undergone any radical changes with the passage of time. Instead, it has maintained a noteworthy diachronic homogeneity and a unified character that have made it intriguing for scholars and, at the same time, give it a unique nature. The functional presence of a large number of diachronic elements within contemporary Modern Greek undoubtedly make it a unique case. They have not, however, been sufficiently researched, and this paper aims to make a contribution in this direction. ItemNever to return: migration and old age in Venezis’s “The State of Virginia”(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Dova, StamatiaThis paper discusses Ilias Venezis’s short story “The State of Virginia” with special emphasis on the themes of migration and old age. Published in 1954, in the aftermath of WWII and the Greek Civil War, “The State of Virginia” captures the drama of an elderly woman victim of the Asia Minor Catastrophe, as she is migrating to Virginia, U.S.A. after thirty years of temporary residence in a refugee village in rural Attica. My analysis focuses on the protagonist’s reluctant migration as it emerges from the farewell scene between her and her life-long friend; their conversation on the irreversibility of their separation, the challenges facing elderly migrants, and the significance of native soil voices an insightful discourse on belonging and rootedness that transcends many socio-temporal limits. ItemGreek Orthodox iconography from a historical and cultural perspective(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Doupis, EkateriniThis paper will examine the historical events that made an impact on Greek Orthodox Iconography including the Iconoclastic period, and its acceptance into the Greek Orthodox community during the Byzantine period. As well as looking at the dogmatic meaning of the “icon” in the Greek Orthodox community, I will evaluate through the interview results collected from the youth, elderly and priests of the Greek Orthodox community of South Australia whether the initial dogmatic purpose of the “icon” is understood and upheld by the community of today. ItemMyth, dialogue and the allegorical interpretation of Plato(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Benitez, EugenioFrom the late Classical period until the Nineteenth Century, Plato was admired for his inspiration and vision, rather than for his theories and argumentation. Then with the advent of analytic philosophy in the Twentieth Century, the pendulum swung hard in the other direction. Plato’s myths were largely ignored. The drama of his dialogues was considered insignificant. The theory of forms and the theory of recollection (as a gloss on immortality) became the pillars of Platonism, and the journals became filled with careful, logical analyses of Platonic principles, theories, and hypotheses. Recently even mainstream Plato scholars have tried to redress the overemphasis on Platonic theory, but they have limited themselves mostly to arguing that image, myth, and characterisation are important to the interpretation of Plato in addition to concepts, theories, and dialectic. This paper argues that myth and dialogue play a much more central role in Platonic philosophy than is currently accepted. There is evidence that Plato treats the dialogues themselves as framing myths, within which all action and dialogue is treated as mimesis, rather than as direct presentation of Plato’s logoi. If this is correct, then each of Plato’s works is organised around the representation of a comprehensive poetic vision not stated in, but rather only through, the action of the dialogue. ItemΠρωτόγονη ευαισθησία και νεωτερική διάνοια στο Βίος και πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά του Νίκου Καζαντζάκη(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Vogiatzaki, EviPlease note: This article is in Greek. Primitive sensibility and modernist mentality in N. Kazantzakis’ Zorba the Greek: This paper explores the recreation of mythic or primitive sensitivity and the dissociation of rational thought and subjective feeling in the dialogical novel of Nikos Kazantzakis, Alexis Zorbas. It contends that the novel dramatizes the contrast between mythic sensibility and mental civilized self-reflection, revealing not only aspects of the modernist understanding of subjectivity but also the kind of imaginative creation which the narrative enacts reflecting the poetics of the twentieth-century primitivism. Mythic sensibility manifests itself as a form of otherness which motivates the subject’s nostalgic and tedious journey of return to archaic origins relating to the collective unconscious of the race. Drawing upon Michael Bell’s study on Primitivism and the inferences of anthropological studies in the beginning of the 20th century, it explores animism, natural or cosmic piety and rituals as the most pervasive manifestations of primitive sensibility which are opposed to the civilized mentality of the novel. Alexis Zorbas’ life and ideas substantiate the primitive urge of the novel which challenges the modern skepticism of the character-author, thus evoking the ancient response to life which occupies the kernel of the novel. Accordingly it concludes that Kazantzakis’ novel is constructed as great allegory about the destiny of the civilized man of the twentieth century. Reflecting on and longing for the unsearchable and grandiose moments in the history of human civilization, the author is in quest of a spiritual and philosophical recreation of the human consciousness whereby soul and body, spirit and matter would reconcile recovering their lost unity. ItemThe Crone role revisited in the migrant diaspora to Australia(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Frantzi, KyriakiIn mythical tradition as revisited by research during the few last decades, the Crone is the feminine aspect of the ageing individual, she who protects and guides youngsters through her wisdom. Drawing on the darker as well as the more glowing sides of this powerful image, the paper investigates how migrant women in old age are conceptualised by younger Australians of a Mediterranean background. Qualitative data such as recent performance materials, student publications and autobiographical essays point to a shift in perceptions which, beyond challenging stereotypical representations of old females as custodians of tradition, highlight a need to apply new tools to investigating scholarly themes in situations where subjects originate from societies of illiteracy and orality. ItemFaces beyond the Greek café: the traditional diversity of Greek-Australian occupational pursuits, 1820s–2010(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Janiszewski, Leonard; Alexakis, EffyFrom the late nineteenth century until the closing decades of the twentieth century, Greeks played a large part in Australia’s food catering industry. They continued, nevertheless, to enter a wide variety of occupations. These included: agricultural and pastoral activities, mining, sea-related industries, itinerant work, secondary industries, public life, professional fields, and artistic and sporting avenues. Moreover, their contribution in some activities proved significant. This paper firmly challenges the entrenched, popular stereotype of Greek-Australians as being historically defined as essentially a collection of fish’n’chip shop owners and café and milk bar proprietors. Rather, their complex and broad involvement in Australia’s mainstream development over the last two hundred years is clearly revealed, acknowledged and celebrated. ItemThe Greek language of the diaspora in the era of globalisation(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Michopoulos, AristotleThis paper is divided into two parts. The first one deals with the Greek language and education in the United States, focusing on schools, books, teachers and the educational policy of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese and the Greek Government regarding this subject. For comparative purposes a brief portion of this section deals with the teaching of the Greek language and culture in Canada, Australia, Germany, and other countries. The second part focuses on the global aspects of the Greek language. It discusses the effects of the fall of Communism and the full membership of Greece in the EU and how these factors affected the Greek language and Government policy, regarding the funding of Greek Education globally. Finally, the paper offers some recommendations for maximising the benefits arising from this new world of globalisation. ItemThe pear tree. A study of Greek-Australian families 50 years after migration(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Cleland, AndreaThe nation’s story of the migration of Greeks to Australia is immensely rich, but the everyday voices of migrant families are largely missing. Through the use of personal stories and case studies of families who originated from the region of Florina in Greece, my research examines the impacts of migration on Greek transnational families and how conflicting ideas of home and identity are mediated and transitioned over three generations. Central to my research is the idea that family is at the core of Greek life, and during the 1950s–1970s, when Australia experienced an immense wave of post-war migration from Greece, the tapestry of Greek family units and traditional way of life was profoundly changed. This paper forms part of a wider oral history research project examining intergenerational changes within Greek-Australian migrant families from the region of Florina, and how families narrate and mediate the complexities of identity. Item“Remember the Greek and Armenian Refugee Children”: South Australian relief efforts in the Hellenic, Armenian and Assyrian Genocides(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Diamadis, PanayiotisEven the most sweeping mega-narratives are composed of collections of micro-narratives, the stories of actions and experiences of individuals. By blending the stories of individuals and organisations from South Australia with the events that swept the Hellenic world in the first part of the 20th century, the result is a powerful testament to the ability of individuals to enact change under any circumstance. When it is taken into account that these efforts to collect money, food and clothing occurred at a time when South Australia was endeavouring to recover from World War One, the story of the campaign to save lives on the other side of the globe becomes even more amazing. South Australian efforts on behalf of the genocide survivors — either through humanitarian relief or through active rescue — are one of the “lighter” aspects of the history of the Armenian, Hellenic and Assyrian Genocides. Rev. James E. Cresswell, Ethel Cooper and their supporters serve as reminders that even amidst the darkest episodes of human existence, there are sparks of light. Despite being enveloped by inhumanity, some retained their humanity. ItemΕθνική ιδεολογία και αλληγορία: παράσταση της Ελλάδας από τους αδελφούς Φυτάλη(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Mavromichali, EffiePlease note: This article is in Greek. The allegorical representation of Greece in the 19th century: The case of the sculptor brothers Fytali: This article presents, for the first time, an unknown work by the sculptor brothers, Georgios and Lazarus Fytali, titled Greece in Concord (Hellas Omonooussa). The statue itself is missing and it is only shown in a photograph. It represents the goddess Athena as an allegory of Greece, with a large cross on her chest. In her right hand she holds a flag with a cross at the top of the flagpole and in her left hand, which is extended outwards, winged victory bearing a scroll. Having the sculpture as a starting point, the allegorical representation of Greece will be examined — beginning from the 18th but with an emphasis on the 19th century, as well as the new facets of the national ideology which this statue projects. It will be also proved that the concept of its composition belongs to the architect Lysandros Kaftantzoglou and that the sculptor brothers Fytali simply executed this idea in marble. ItemΔιαφώτιση, Προπαγάνδα και Αντί-Προπαγάνδα στην Κύπρο, 1955–1959(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Alexandrou, CharalambosPlease note: This article is in Greek. Enlightenment, Propaganda and Counter-Propaganda in Cyprus, 1955–1959: Many parts of the insurgency in Cyprus of the period 1955–1959, while consists a multilevel struggle, remain unknown. One of them is the bloodless war of propaganda which was waging years before 1955 but it was systematised and intensified during the Cyprus insurgency inside the island. The first aim of the study is to reveal the way Greeks and British conducted propaganda in Cyprus and the means by which propaganda and counter-propaganda were exercised during the period. Moreover, we will try to detect the inter-relation between the senders of the messages and the receivers. In this frame we will moreover try to answer the question which was the targeted group each time, the techniques used by each side, the significance of the phraseology and generally the expediencies which were served through propaganda and the various information techniques. ItemRevolution, death , transformation and art: Delacroix's 'Scenes from the Massacres at Chios'(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand (MGSAANZ), 2013-06) Devetzidis, Areti“Of all foreign artists, Delacroix is the one whose name is most closely associated with the Greek Revolution of 1821.” By examining this famous Romantic painting, 'Scenes from the Massacres at Chios', it will become apparent that the particular characteristics and life of this artist, who empathised on a deeply personal level with the Greek cause, enabled him to produce a work of enduring meaning and relevance. ItemBetween young and old Greek Orthodox Christians: saint worship and dance as offering to a saint(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Riak, PatriciaThe paper reconstructs what is remembered about saint worship practiced in the Rhodian highland village of Istrios. Istrian memory reveals a religious practice that included dance as a form of promise (taximo) and offering (tama) to Saint Merkourios, particularly by Istrian mothers and their role in assisting to cure their children of illness. The paper introduces the presence of dancing as a form of promise and offering to worship a saint, describing in detail how Istrian mothers performed the dance in a Holy shrine atypically located in a cemetery chapel. ItemΗ κινηματογραφική ταινία στο μάθημα της λογοτεχνίας στην ελληνική εκπαίδευση(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Giotopoulou, KaterinaPlease note: This article is in Greek. Cinema as a text in teaching literature in Greek school: Cinema is a universal language which affects on people and especially students and shapes their perception of the world. Thus in many countries critical understanding of film and television program is considered as an integral part of literacy. Film literacy is included in school curriculum and the commonalities between literature and audiovisual storytelling have been recognized. The audiovisual education, media literacy and film education are goals of the school, either they occur in classes independently or they penetrate other subjects such as language, literature, history, etc. Nevertheless in Greek school the cinema and audiovisual education was absent from the school curriculum. This paper examines the position of the film education in secondary schools in Greece and explores the introduction of film as a text included in the curriculum of the subject of literature. ItemΓλωσσικά Ζητήματα των Μουσουλμάνων της Θράκης: Μειονότητα ή Μειονότητες;(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Papadopoulos, ThemistoklisThe present study discusses the linguistic minorities inhabiting Western Thrace. The treaty of Lausanne in 1923 was based on the religion of minorities and not their language. It’s only the last 15 years that the Greek state has been interested in their language situation. Research has led to a conclusion that instead of one there are three different minorities each having a distinct language and a distinct culture. ItemAristotle and the intuitionists(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Mortensen, ChrisIntuitionist mathematics has claimed a philosophy deriving from Kant. This paper aims to draw attention to significant similarities with a much older source, Aristotle. At the same time, the connection should not be over-stretched, given two millennia between them. ItemAristotle, space and time(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Mann, ScottThere are two fundamentally different conceptions of the nature of space and time. On the one side, and particularly associated with the ideas of Newton, is what is now called “substantivalism”, which sees space and time as existing objects, over and above the other material objects and processes of the world. On the other, and particularly associated with the ideas of Leibniz, is the “relationalist” approach, denying the existence of space and time as objects in their own right; seeing them rather as relations between material objects. This paper explores and defends Aristotle’s relationist account of space and time, in the light of subsequent developments of physics. ItemWas Aristotle the founder of chemistry?(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Chalmers, Alan FAristotle has recently been construed as the founder of chemistry. Aristotle does give a detailed account of combination in Generation and Corruption that can be read as conforming to the kind of combination characteristic of modern chemistry. Nevertheless, to interpret Aristotle’s discussion as constituting the beginnings of, or opening the way to, chemistry is to misunderstand both Aristotle and chemistry.