Browsing Australian Research Council (ARC) by Author "Baum, Fran"
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ItemThe interplay between structure and agency in shaping the mental health consequences of job loss(BioMed Central Ltd., 2013-02-06) Anaf, Julia Margaret; Baum, Fran; Newman, Lareen Ann; Ziersch, Anna Marie; Jolley, Gwyneth MargaretMain themes that emerged from the qualitative exploration of the psychological distress of job loss included stress, changes to perceived control, loss of self-esteem, shame and loss of status, experiencing a grieving process, and financial strain. Drawing on two models of agency we identified the different ways workers employed their agency, and how their agency was enabled, but mainly constrained, when dealing with job loss consequences. Respondents’ accounts support the literature on the moderating effects of economic resources such as redundancy packages. The results suggest the need for policies to put more focus on social, emotional and financial investment to mediate the structural constraints of job loss. Our study also suggests that human agency must be understood within an individual’s whole of life circumstances, including structural and material constraints, and the personal or interior factors that shape these circumstances. ItemSocial determinants in an Australian urban region: A 'complexity' lens(Oxford University Press, 2014-08) Fisher, Matthew; Milos, D; Baum, Fran; Friel, SArea-based strategies have been widely employed in efforts to improve population health and take action on social determinants of health (SDH) and health inequities; including in urban areas where many of the social, economic and environmental factors converge to influence health. Increasingly, these factors are recognised as being part of a complex system, where population health outcomes are shaped by multiple, interacting factors operating at different levels of social organisation. This article reports on research to assess the extent to which an alliance of health and human service networks is able to promote action on SDH within an Australian urban region; using a complex systems frame. We found that such an alliance was able to promote some effective action which takes into account complex interactions between social factors affecting health, but also identified significant potential barriers to other forms of desired action identified by alliance members. We found that a complex systems lens was useful in assessing a collaborative intervention to address SDH within an urban region. Key words: Complex systems, urban health, social determinants of health, collaboration