Proceedings of the 9th Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, 2011

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The papers in this volume discuss many issues in Greek studies. The papers deal with ancient Greek and Byzantine philosophy, philology, the history of Greece and the Greek world, the history of the Greek Diaspora, and the teaching of the Greek language. They cover a considerable span of time and space, crossing the boundaries of various fields of research. The papers on the ancient world range from discussions of Athenian pagan philosophy in the fifth century BCE to Christian criticisms of pagan thought in Egyptian Alexandria in the sixth century CE. The papers on the medieval and Modern Greek world range from discussions of Byzantine Orthodoxy to debates about the significance of Greek textiles in twenty first century Australia. The papers display the diachronic and multidimensional relevance of Greek studies in the current world. All of the papers were submitted to independent referees. Those that passed the scrutiny of the referees were revised in the light of their comments. Sincere thanks are extended to our referees who have provided considerable support in their field of expertise in order to make this publication scholarly and academically sound and useful for the future. Our gratitude is also extended to Maria Sakellaridis who has formatted the texts and organised the publication in a creative and impeccable manner.


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    Κατάρτιση λημματολογίου ενός διαλεκτικού λεξικού: η βάση δεδομένων Συντυσ ˇ ιές
    (Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Katsoyannou, Marianne ; Armosti, Spyros ; Christodoulou, Kyriaki
    Please note: This article is in Greek. Compiling a dialectal dictionary: the “Syntychies” lexical database: This paper introduces the reader to the issues of making an online dialectal dictionary, presenting some of the matters that have arisen while producing a lexical database of the Cypriot Greek dialect. Most problems related to the selection of data and compilation of lemmas were caused by the great variation in orthographic and/or morphological representation of Cypriot word forms. The database which has been created as part of the “Syntychies” research program is available on the website The choices that have been adopted in this database after a lexical analysis of a large amount of data outline a framework for compiling other dialectical dictionaries of Greek.
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    Η κινηματογραφική ταινία στο μάθημα της λογοτεχνίας στην ελληνική εκπαίδευση
    (Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Giotopoulou, Katerina
    Please note: This article is in Greek. Cinema as a text in teaching literature in Greek school: Cinema is a universal language which affects on people and especially students and shapes their perception of the world. Thus in many countries critical understanding of film and television program is considered as an integral part of literacy. Film literacy is included in school curriculum and the commonalities between literature and audiovisual storytelling have been recognized. The audiovisual education, media literacy and film education are goals of the school, either they occur in classes independently or they penetrate other subjects such as language, literature, history, etc. Nevertheless in Greek school the cinema and audiovisual education was absent from the school curriculum. This paper examines the position of the film education in secondary schools in Greece and explores the introduction of film as a text included in the curriculum of the subject of literature.
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    Τα παντοπωλεία του Πύργου Σαντορίνης κατά τον 20ό και 21ο αιώνα. Λειτουργία και μετασχηματισμός
    (Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Chryssou-Karatza, Kyriaki
    Please note: This article is in Greek. Operation and transformation of grocery stores in the town of Pyrgos – Santorini during the 20th and 21st century: It is quite easy to demarcate the theme of this essay. The grocery store is a distinct geographical point: a meeting place of mainly female inhabitants, it is often situated in a community’s public spaces, such as the square and the main commercial centre, and it has various functions both economic and cultural. The grocery stores situated in the town of Pyrgos on the island of Santorini reflect the fluctuating economic correlations of recent historical times.
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    Εθνική ιδεολογία και αλληγορία: παράσταση της Ελλάδας από τους αδελφούς Φυτάλη
    (Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Mavromichali, Effie
    Please note: This article is in Greek. The allegorical representation of Greece in the 19th century: The case of the sculptor brothers Fytali: This article presents, for the first time, an unknown work by the sculptor brothers, Georgios and Lazarus Fytali, titled Greece in Concord (Hellas Omonooussa). The statue itself is missing and it is only shown in a photograph. It represents the goddess Athena as an allegory of Greece, with a large cross on her chest. In her right hand she holds a flag with a cross at the top of the flagpole and in her left hand, which is extended outwards, winged victory bearing a scroll. Having the sculpture as a starting point, the allegorical representation of Greece will be examined — beginning from the 18th but with an emphasis on the 19th century, as well as the new facets of the national ideology which this statue projects. It will be also proved that the concept of its composition belongs to the architect Lysandros Kaftantzoglou and that the sculptor brothers Fytali simply executed this idea in marble.
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    Διονύσιος Σολωμός και Pierre Hyacinthe Azais
    (Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Charalambous, Panayiota
    Please note: This article is in Greek. Dionysios Solomos and Pierre Hyacinthe Azais: Pierre Hyacinthe Azais, a French philosopher and musician who lived in 1766–1845, was one of the philosophers the work of whom had been studied by the Greek poet Dionysios Solomos. His fundamental principles regarding the universal equilibrium, the compensation theory which balances human happiness, the unity of the universe and its relation to the human soul, are developed in his two main works Des compensations dans les destinées humaines (1808) and Explication Universelle (1809–1812), whereas his acoustic theory is imprinted in his articles titled “Acoustique fondamentale”, which were published in Revue Musicale (1831–1832). In our paper we will discuss some of the references of the name and the philosophical theory of Azais in Solomos’ Αυτόγραφα. The theoretical discussion will be based on specific examples from Solomos’ poetical practice, where the fruitful way in which the Greek poet assimilated the theoretical work of the French philosopher, can be detected.
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    Πρωτόγονη ευαισθησία και νεωτερική διάνοια στο Βίος και πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά του Νίκου Καζαντζάκη
    (Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Vogiatzaki, Evi
    Please note: This article is in Greek. Primitive sensibility and modernist mentality in N. Kazantzakis’ Zorba the Greek: This paper explores the recreation of mythic or primitive sensitivity and the dissociation of rational thought and subjective feeling in the dialogical novel of Nikos Kazantzakis, Alexis Zorbas. It contends that the novel dramatizes the contrast between mythic sensibility and mental civilized self-reflection, revealing not only aspects of the modernist understanding of subjectivity but also the kind of imaginative creation which the narrative enacts reflecting the poetics of the twentieth-century primitivism. Mythic sensibility manifests itself as a form of otherness which motivates the subject’s nostalgic and tedious journey of return to archaic origins relating to the collective unconscious of the race. Drawing upon Michael Bell’s study on Primitivism and the inferences of anthropological studies in the beginning of the 20th century, it explores animism, natural or cosmic piety and rituals as the most pervasive manifestations of primitive sensibility which are opposed to the civilized mentality of the novel. Alexis Zorbas’ life and ideas substantiate the primitive urge of the novel which challenges the modern skepticism of the character-author, thus evoking the ancient response to life which occupies the kernel of the novel. Accordingly it concludes that Kazantzakis’ novel is constructed as great allegory about the destiny of the civilized man of the twentieth century. Reflecting on and longing for the unsearchable and grandiose moments in the history of human civilization, the author is in quest of a spiritual and philosophical recreation of the human consciousness whereby soul and body, spirit and matter would reconcile recovering their lost unity.