Location monitoring of physical activity and participation in community dwelling older people: a scoping review.

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Gough, Claire
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Flinders University
Copyright © 2018 the author. All rights reserved.
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Background Community participation and physical activity are important for the health of older adults. This review aimed to identify studies which have measured physical activity and community participation in older adults with Global positioning systems. Methods This scoping review searched key databases using predetermined subject headings and keywords. Two independent reviewers selected studies based on a systematic procedure. The screening process included strict eligibility criteria following current guidelines. Inclusion criteria for studies were: participants aged over 50 years, living independently in the community that reported on physical activity and/or participation inclusive of physical and social activity, and including a quantitative measure of location. All searches were limited to English. The primary review question was: What studies have monitored the location of physical activity in an older population? with secondary enquiries investigating the types of global positioning system devices, barriers and facilitators for activity and community participation. Results The search returned 3536 articles (following duplicate removal) and 42 met the inclusion criteria. Studies from 11 countries published over an 11-year period were included. Participants were mainly healthy (n = 22) followed by having a cognitive impairment (n = 9). There were 13 different global positioning system devices used, assessing a variety of outcomes (n = 17). Fourteen studies identified facilitators and barriers to participation and physical activity in an older population. The most common facilitators were safety, weather and access to multi-purpose facilities. The most common barriers were weather, safety, low income/high deprivation areas and use of motor vehicles. Conclusion This scoping review identified a variety of locational monitoring of older people using global positioning devices.
This abstract was prepared for the inaugural 'HDR Student Conference', Flinders University, November 2018. Copyright © the author
Global positioning systems (GPS), Older population, Physical activity, Community participation
Gough, Claire (2018, November) Location monitoring of physical activity and participation in community dwelling older people: a scoping review. Paper presented at 'HDR Student conference', Flinders University, Bedford Park.