The Health Action Process Approach model for understanding parents' reflective motivation towards reducing unhealthy foods

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Date
2018-11-5
Authors
Johnson, Brittany
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Flinders University
Rights
Copyright © 2018 the author. All rights reserved.
Rights Holder
The author
Abstract
Aim This study aimed to understand the relationships between, and relative importance of, constructs of the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model and children's intake of unhealthy foods. Background Parents play a key role in shaping children's eating habits and are an ideal target for interventions to reduce children's currently excessive unhealthy food intake. To change provision behaviours parents need to be sufficiently motivated, in addition to having the knowledge and resources. The HAPA model is a framework covering important aspects of behaviour change motivation. Methods Australian parents completed a cross-sectional online survey containing parent motivation, child dietary intake and socio-demographics, using validated tools. Structural equation modelling was performed based on the HAPA model, including constructs of risk perception, outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, intention and planning. Results Four hundred and ninety-five parents completed the online survey. Model of fit statistics (CMIN 210.033, df 83, p<0.001; CFI 0.956; TLI 0.936; RMSEA 0.056, PCLOSE 0.153; SRMR 0.0601) supported the HAPA model as a suitable model, with parental motivation accounting for 9.2% of children's unhealthy food intake. The largest relationships were seen between self-efficacy constructs (action to maintenance, beta .69; maintenance to recovery, beta .70), and between maintenance self-efficacy to planning (beta .82). Secondary intervention targets identified were intention (to planning, beta .21) and planning (to intake, beta -.32). Conclusion The HAPA model is a promising framework for examining parental motivation towards limiting unhealthy food provision. Future interventions should include strategies to enhance parent's self-efficacy, intention and plans for reducing unhealthy foods.
Description
This abstract was prepared for the inaugural 'HDR Student Conference', Flinders University, November 2018. Copyright © the author
Keywords
Health action process, nutrition, parenting
Citation
Johnson, Brittany (2018, November) The Health Action Process Approach model for understanding parents' reflective motivation towards reducing unhealthy foods Paper presented at 'HDR Student conference', Flinders University, Bedford Park.