Reports, Working and Technical Papers - Collected Works

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    Predictive data analytics: a neo-liberal snake in the grass?
    (Jeff Bleich Centre, College of Business, Government and Law, Flinders University SA, 2024) O'Loughlin, Tim
    Governments worldwide habitually deploy data analytics tools to streamline the task of governing, ideally leading to more effective, efficient, and economical processes. Governments’ use of data analytics tools can be clustered into three categories: descriptive analytics (e.g. identifying voting irregularities, detecting welfare fraud); prescriptive analytics (e.g optimising use of public transport resources, pooling information from multiple public agencies to assist emergency responses); and predictive analytics (e.g. forecasting post-earthquake tsunamis, identifying spatial areas with elevated risk of suicides). Inevitably, problems have arisen with governments’ use of data analytics, mostly caused by political agendas and public sector management failings. But the frequency and gravity of the problems seem to peak when two conditions are present: (1) when analytic tools are used to predict; and (2) when those predictions are used by governments to support the exercise of their legitimate coercive powers.
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    Religion and domestic violence: Exploring men's perpetration
    (Flinders University, 2023-05) Wendt, Sarah; Clarke, Josephine; Mayer, Wendy
    Despite the growing research into the domestic violence experiences of different groups of women, religion and domestic violence is an area that is under-theorised and under-researched. In addition, there are limited studies that have interviewed Christian men regarding their use of violence in intimate partner relationships. The inclusion of men’s own ecclesiastical beliefs and practices in the analysis of domestic violence is needed. Ecclesiastical beliefs and practice are part of socialisation; hence exploration of the interface between faith, family, institutions, and domestic violence from the viewpoints of men who use violence is needed to advance understandings and solutions. This research study therefore addressed the research question – what theological framings shape men’s perpetration of domestic violence?
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    Qualitative Interviews with Registered Nurses who Work Concurrently as a Death Doula
    (Flinders University Research Centre for Palliative Care, Death and Dying, 2024) Rawlings, Deb; Winsall, Megan; Miller-Lewis, Lauren; Swetenham, Kate; Tieman, Jennifer
    This White Paper reports on the views and experiences of eight registered nurses working concurrently as death doulas, and how they maintained and separated expected responsibilities, legal requirements, and codes of conduct in the two roles. Through semi-structured interviews, case studies and thematic analysis, our research team found that for those registered nurses who participated in the study, most didn’t understand that nursing codes of conduct always applied and that for those working – or considering working – concurrently in a non-medical role, it is incumbent upon them to check whether their nursing registration overrides relevant death doula codes of conduct. It is hoped that this White Paper will contribute to an awareness among registered nurses that the adoption of a concurrent role as a death doula should be carefully considered, and that advice should be sought from their national nursing registration organisation in view of the possible tension between the responsibilities, legal requirements, and codes of conduct applicable to each role.
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    AI: Threat of Theatre?
    (Flinders University, 2024-01) Chalmers, Robert
    In 2023 AI emerged from the shadows into mainstream use and consciousness. Amidst the hype about its impact there is also increasing discussion of regulatory intervention. Europe is moving to finalise an AI Act , and the US has recently issued executive orders . Some of this has been driven by fears of misuse of the technology leading to harm or even existential threat. Perhaps it is also driven by dominant players in AI being keen to see regulation create barriers to entry to others, including those committed to a more open source and interoperable approach.
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    Supportive Care 2030 Movement Ambition Statements
    (Flinders University & Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 2023-06-13) Chan, Raymond Javan; Bowen, Joanne; Chan, Alexandre; Chin, Melissa; Olver, Ian; Taylor, Carolyn; Tinianov, Stacey; Knowles, Reegan; Scotté, Florian; Lustberg, Maryam
    As a global leader in supportive care in cancer, the Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) led the development of 15 ambition statements (13 statements and 2 sub-statements). The statements were collaboratively developed by patient advocates, researchers and care providers through a consensus process. The statements describe the desired state of supportive care by 2030 and will be used to inform future action plans. Achieving such standards of care is not the sole responsibility of MASCC and will require the concerted efforts of the global community. In these ambition statements: The term ‘people affected by cancer’ includes any person who has a diagnosis of any type of cancer across the entire cancer care continuum, as well as their significant others; Supportive care takes a life-long, team-based approach including people affected by cancer and care providers as part of the team.
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    A Ban on Political Donations? The search for democratic reform in South Australia
    (Jeff Bleich Centre, College of Business, Government and Law, Flinders University, 2023) Manwaring, Rob; Holloway, Josh
    One of the proposed reforms by the Malinauskas Labor government in South Australia has largely passed ‘under the radar’. In a surprising pre-election announcement, Malinauskas announced that his government would seek to introduce and implement a ban on all political donations to registered political parties in the state. This is, potentially, an extraordinary development, and if legislated would be a world first. The reform is being considered and scrutinised by the Attorney General’s department as they consider the legal and constitutional implications of the proposed ban.
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    Report on the Round Table Consultation Event: Understanding domestic violence and religion: Exploring how faith-based organisations can be part of the solution. Friday, 28th October, in-person at St Athanasius College, Melbourne and online
    (Flinders University and University of Divinity, 2023-02) Wendt, Sarah; Clarke, Josephine; Mayer, Wendy; Blackburn, Diana
    A Roundtable event titled ‘Understanding domestic violence and religion’ was held on 28 October 2022 to explore the question of how faith-based organisations could be part of the solution to domestic violence in Australia. The Victorian Royal Commission into Family Violence (State of Victoria 2016) recommended that faith leaders and communities establish processes for examining responses and recovery to domestic violence. Many FBOs have embarked on this recommendation to raise awareness in congregations, schools, and other institutions of the church, as well as training, identifying and developing resources, and searching for best practice to support and respond to both victims-survivors and perpetrators of domestic violence. There is much potential for FBOs and communities to be part of prevention and response initiatives to tackle domestic violence because religion influences leaders and congregations, as well as men and women, in ideas about gender and family values, and hence, plays a powerful role in development of family life and intimate partner relations.
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    Silencing for Safety
    (Jeff Bleich Centre, College of Business, Government and Law, Flinders University, 2023) Connah, Leoni
    Internet crackdowns have become characteristic to the Government of India’s tactics in Kashmir and the Indian Northeast since Narendra Modi came to power in 2014. According to the Government, internet shutdowns are sometimes a necessary and unavoidable measure that is put in place in the best interests of the civilian population. The internet shutdown in the Northeast state of Manipur since May 2023 is the latest in a series of severe restrictions that pushes us to question if banning the internet does in fact keep people safe, or if it is a violation of their human rights?
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    A History of Physics at Flinders University: From 1964 to the early 2000s
    (2023) Brennan, Max; Brennan, Michael; Iraj R. Afnan; Blevin, Harry; Teubner, Peter; Buckman, Steve; Weigold, Erich; Thomas, tony; Green, Barry; Blake, Alastair
    Preface by Max Brennan: The Physics discipline at Flinders University was born on the first of February 1964 when I took up my appointment as the last of six Foundation Professors at what was then the second campus of the University of Adelaide – at Bedford Park, a Southern suburb of Adelaide. The Act separating the campus from the University of Adelaide into The Flinders University of South Australia was proclaimed on 17 March 1966 with effect on 1 July. The history of the new university is well covered in “Flinders University - the first 25 Years” by David Hilliard. Writing a history of the Physics discipline is a task that I should have completed many years ago. What follows here is a compilation of documents: 1. Recollections of five early staff members - Max Brennan, Iraj Afnan, Harry Blevin, Peter Teubner and Erich Weigold - and of Tony Thomas who was an undergraduate and a postgraduate student; 2. Plasma Physics at Flinders University by Barry Green – an extract of a draft of the History of Plasma Physics in Australia being written by Barry Green and Bob Dewar; and 3. “Physics in Adelaide – the 1960s” by Alastair Blake, 6 May 2013: pp 56 – 65 and 70 provide a comprehensive coverage of research and teaching at Flinders extending well beyond the 1960s.
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    The pilot and evaluation of ‘Recovery Together’ for the NDIS in Darwin, Katherine and Alice Springs and a stepped vocational pathway for peer work
    (Flinders University, 2023-11) Tari-Keresztes, Noemi; Gupta, Himanshu; Armstrong, Noelene; Endemann, Sal-Amanda; Downes, Jeremy; Smith, James A.
    This report describes the evaluation findings of the ‘Recovery Together’ program for the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)1 delivered in Darwin, Alice Springs and Katherine for people with psychosocial support needs. This pilot project was built on existing work, such as the delivery and evaluation of the ‘Recovery Together’ after-hour program (PERT) in Darwin (Tari-Keresztes, Gupta, et al., 2023), and also included the pilot and evaluation of the local stepped vocational pathway in peer work as well as the enhanced ‘Recovery Together’ program including an additional module related to the NDIS. The findings demonstrate the capacity and capability of the Northern Territory Lived Experience Network (NTLEN) to: (1) genuinely engage with people with diverse lived experiences across the Northern Territory (NT) and (2) provide peer recovery programs and peer education to upskill the local workforce through a supported, stepped vocational pathway. The report also reflects on participants’ recovery journey and their conceptualisation of recovery. It describes the areas of program impact, participants’ experiences with the program, peer approach and facilitation. It also includes learnings gained about the program implementation and evaluation in rural areas and highlights valuable experiences about the stepped vocational pathway.
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    Financial Wellbeing Program Guidelines: Briefing Paper
    (Centre for Social Impact, Flinders University, 2022-08) Bogomolova, Svetlana; Pettman, Tahna; Calyx, Cobi; Goodwin-Smith, Ian
    The Department of Human Services of South Australia (DHS SA), on behalf of the Minister for Human Services, is responsible for running a suite of Affordable Living Programs to support community members experiencing or at risk of experiencing financial insecurity, at the same time building the financial capability and inclusion of people receiving assistance. The current Affordable Living Program contracts expire in 2023, which creates an opportunity to re-invigorate the program by engaging with the sector and aligning the program with the DHS Social Impact Framework to ensure the new program better meets the needs and expectations of the community. As a part of the re-design process, DHS commissioned the Centre for Social Impact (CSI) Flinders to lead consultations and re-design process with sector practitioners, building on past research with people with lived experience of financial insecurity; and developing recommendations for the new program guideline development. The project is led by Professor Ian Goodwin-Smith and Professor Svetlana Bogomolova. This is a briefing paper containing a summary of insights from the sector and recommendations for the principles and program logic for the re-designed program.
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    Co-Design to Translate Food Relief Service Principles into Practice: Research Materials
    (Flinders University, 2023-11) Pettman, Tahna; Bogomolova, Svetlana
    This document presents a set of research materials that were developed as part of a collaborative ARC Linkage research project between researchers at the Centre for Social Impact Flinders and five partner organisations, including three food relief service providers and two state government agencies. The aim of these research documents is to disseminate the tailored research materials developed during the Linkage, to enrich the body of knowledge on co-design methods. The intention of sharing these materials is to better equip others, including academics and practitioners, with practical tools and guidance on conducting co-design within research or service evaluation. The authors share these materials as open access and free of charge. Users are strongly encouraged to acknowledge and reference the suggested citation and DOI provided on page 1.
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    Co-designing rural community interventions for healthier choices: Research Materials
    (Flinders University, 2023) Bogomolova, Svetlana; Carins, Julia
    This document presents a portfolio of research materials that were developed as part of the collaborative research project between researchers at the Centre for Social Impact Flinders (formerly at the University of South Australia) and The Barossa Co-op, a large regional retailer in South Australia. The project team was awarded funding through Wellbeing SA (formerly SA Health), under the SA Healthy Towns Challenge grant scheme. The aim of this portfolio of research documents is to disseminate high-quality bespoke research materials developed during the project to enrich the body of knowledge on co-design methods. The intension is to better equip academic and practicioner community with practical tools and guideance on conducting co-design research. The authors share the materials as open access and free of charge.
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    Strategies for Supporting Healthier Choices: Co-design with Rural Communities and Practitioners
    (Flinders University, 2023-11) Bogomolova, Svetlana; Carins, Julia
    This report presents the findings from co-design workshops, part of Stage 1 of Healthy Towns Barossa Challenge – a grant project funded by SA Health and won by the Barossa Co-op in collaboration with the researcher team led by Prof Svetlana Bogomolova. The aim of Stage 1 was to design and implement Barossa Co-op-wide campaigns promoting healthy food choices and active lifestyles, with a particular focus on The Barossa Co-op retail offerings: a supermarket, café, hardware/gardening, sports, toys and other offerings and the shopping centre, as well as for the wider rural community.
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    What does international law say about an attack on Taiwan?
    (Jeff Bleich Centre, Flinders University, October 2023) Nicholson, Rowan
    According to reports , mainland China hopes to be “ready by 2027” to attack Taiwan, though some observers doubt it will actually attack. If it does, policymakers will have many questions: questions about missiles and casualties and how the United States will react. It would be naïve to expect them to focus on international law, which is not likely to have a huge influence on events. Still, it might have some influence. It provides a common language—a legal lingua franca—for states from all continents and with diverse political systems to debate what is right or wrong. It might shape whether some states support one side or the other with funds, sanctions, or even military assistance. We saw that after Russia unlawfully invaded Ukraine in2022.
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    The Obligation to Protect Australian law and the requirements to protect information
    (Flinders University, 2023-07) Lisk, Joel
    Data breaches are becoming increasingly frequent and can involve the information of millions of Australians. Does Australian law say enough about how information should be protected?
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    Countering the Global Rise of Individualism
    (Flinders University, 2023-08) Henderson, Stacey; Fellmeth, Aaron
    There has been a global shift away from community towards individualism. Whatdoes this mean for international law, the obligations to protect and democratic resilience now and into the future?
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    Smart Cities: The prospects of digital authoritarianism
    (Flinders University, 2023-09) da Vinha, Luis
    Smart cities present a formidable challenge to democracy since they employ a host of technologies that can be used inappropriately, jeopardizing basic civil liberties and political rights.
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    Haters Gonna Hate: The challenges of mitigating hate speech on alt-tech
    (Flinders University, 2023-06) Dowling, Melissa-Ellen
    Policymakers and Big Tech have made significant progress in reducing online hate speech on mainstream social media platforms, but they must now grapple with the challenge of mitigating harmful speech that circulates within alt-tech environments.
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    Space War = Space Money? Are commercial actors the new frontier for war
    (Flinders University, 2023-10) Henderson, Stacey; Lisk, Joel
    The increasing involvement of commercial actors in space activities raises questions about the extent to which commercial actors might participate, and become targets, in war in space. This was one of the issues of concern raised during the Preventing Space War Forum, which brought together experts from government, industry, and academia in an open dialogue about the threats posed by war in space. This has also recently been highlighted in relation to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, with Elon Musk refusing to activate the Starlink satellite network in Crimea on the basis that this would have made Starlink complicit ‘in a “major” act of war’.