Browsing Modern Greek Studies (Australia and New Zealand) by Title
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ItemAgeing and immigration in the Greek capital. Policy issues and developments since the early 1990s(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Maloutas, ThomasThe paper deals with socio-demographic change and spatial transformation in Athens during the post war period and, in particular, since the early 1990s. It focuses on the interaction of two parallel processes — the precipitated ageing of the native Greek population and the rapid increase of the city’s immigrant population — in terms of residential patterns that enable contact between the two groups, and of the poorly developed local welfare state, within which immigrants have been acting as a substitute for the underdeveloped services for the elderly. The paper draws attention to recent changes in immigrants’ profiles and especially to the decreasing inflow — and more recently the outflow (GSPSC, 2011) — from neighbouring Balkan countries and the parallel increase of asylum seeking migrants and refugees from war zones in the broader Middle-East, Afghanistan and the Indian peninsula. These changes have led to a potentially less beneficial co-existence between ageing and immigration for both sides in a period where public funds for social policies as well as private funds for substitute solutions become scarce. ItemAristotle and Democracy(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2019) Mann, ScottThis paper looks at Aristotle's Politics from the perspective of contemporary political, social and economic problems and possibilities. A focus upon Aristotle's defence of slavery highlights the fact that while contemporary liberal political ideas of human rights challenge Aristotelian-type defences of sexism and racism, such ideas fail to address hierarchical and exploitative class-structured political and economic relations — still justified in the same way in which Aristotle justifies slavery. Consideration of the Politics is of particular contemporary relevance because of the ways in which it correctly highlights problems of unregulated markets and banking operations, unrestricted pursuit of profit and the dangers of rule by a rich minority, which has reached its apogee today, after four decades of neoliberalism. And because of the ways in which it points towards possible radical democratic reforms in the future. ItemAristotle and real possibility(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015) Quigley, PeterRoss, Hintikka, Waterlow and Makin have all suggested that there is something problematic about Aristotle’s treatment of possibility. I will canvas their concerns and propose that the problem is not so much with Aristotle as the fact that the notion of possibility is not a single simple concept. I will present eight different components of the notion of possibility and suggest that Aristotle may have been aware of all of them. I will conclude whilst his treatment can appear inconsistent, it is instead, an attempt to give a complete description of a complex notion. ItemAristotle and the intuitionists(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Mortensen, ChrisIntuitionist mathematics has claimed a philosophy deriving from Kant. This paper aims to draw attention to significant similarities with a much older source, Aristotle. At the same time, the connection should not be over-stretched, given two millennia between them. ItemAristotle on being: an Aristotelian critique of Russell’s theory of existence(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015) Couvalis, Spyridon GeorgeAristotle explains existence through postulating essences that are intrinsic and perception independent. I argue that his theory is more plausible than Hume’s and Russell’s theories of existence. Russell modifies Hume’s theory because he wants to allow for the existence of mathematical objects. However, Russell’s theory facilitates a problematic collapse of ontology into epistemology, which has become a feature of much analytic philosophy. This collapse obscures the nature of truth. Aristotle is to be praised for starting with a clear account of ordinary objects rather than immediately reifying mathematical objects. He thus allows us to have a coherent account of existence and truth, and to easily resist collapsing ontology into epistemology. ItemAristotle's four conceptions of time(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Quigley, PeterIn this paper I will describe four theories of time that can be found in Aristotle. I will compare these four theories with modern notions of time, and propose that the ancient and modern views are substantively the same. Of course, all four theories cannot be true together. I will present four ways to resolve the inconsistencies, and conclude that the contradictions can be resolved. ItemAristotle, potential and actual, conflicts(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015) Turner, Andrew JIn The Metaphysics Book Theta, Chapter four, Aristotle claims that to state that “some X is possible but X will never be” is a mistake. In effect, he collapses the possible into the actual. This view conflicts with the existence of dispositions which I argue exist, as they are indispensable to science. In Theta Chapter three, Aristotle sets out a test of possibility whereby we assume that some entity exists and then see if an impossibility ensues. I apply this test to Aristotle’s theory and show that it entails the impossibility of dispositions. Given the clear existence of dispositions, Aristotle’s conflation of the possible with the actual fails his own test of possibility and must be wrong. ItemAustralian women in Macedonia(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015) Diamadis, PanayiotisAustralians have had a relationship with Macedonia since the earliest days of European settlement. A little explored aspect of this is the activities of Australian women in Macedonia, before the days of cheap transport and mass tourism. These women were nurses with the Australian and British forces on the Macedonian Front of 1916–1918. Others were humanitarian relief workers, assisting survivors of the Armenian, Assyrian and Hellenic Genocides (1914–1924) to rebuild their health and their lives. Virtually forgotten are Red Cross medical staff involved in repatriating refugees during the bloody Hellenic Civil War (1946–1949). All these remarkable individuals lived extraordinary lives in answering the “call from Macedonia”, as the Apostle Paul once expressed it. They also left us a unique collection of photographs, letters and other documents of their experiences: the people they met, the places they visited, the experiences they enjoyed and endured. ItemAustralians in Crete in World War II(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2019) Monteath, Peter DavidThis paper argues that the Australian involvement in wartime Crete took place in three main phases. In the first phase Australian forces participated in the defence of Crete against German invasion over twelve days in May/June 1941. The second phase began with the surrender of the Allied forces and the stranding on the island of perhaps a thousand Allied soldiers, including Australians. These men “on the run” were forced to rely on the assistance of Cretans for their very survival, and they found the local population remarkably receptive to their needs. The third and final phase grew out of the previous two phases and comprised Australian participation in resistance activities in collaboration with local resistance elements and British forces. The key figure in this regard was Tom Dunbabin, an Australian who became a senior officer with the British Special Operations Executive and who did much to shape the conduct of “irregular” warfare in Crete. ItemAuto/biographical writing and Greek-Australian historiography(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Nicolacopoulos, Toula; Vassilacopoulos, GeorgeThis paper outlines a methodology for 'auto/biographical' life-history writing and argues for its merits based on a particular case study. In the present context 'auto/ biographical life writing' refers to life writing that is produced collaboratively by the participants, the researchers and research subjects, who are respectively positioned as writers/editors and narrators. We will propose an account of the dialogical structure that informs this inter-subjective interaction as developed in our collaboration with one Greek-Australian political activist. In our collaboration with George Gotsis on his auto/biography we have been taking what we call an ontological approach, in the sense of addressing the conditions of being in a collaborative researcher–researched relationship. We present the main features of this approach and discuss its merits and connection with our Greek-Australian historiography more broadly. ItemBlending Greek with Aboriginal Australian cultural elements in artistic expression(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Kanarakis, GeorgeThis paper pursues another transnational course extending the paper I presented at the Eighth International Conference on Greek Research, where the influence of cultural aspects of Aboriginal Australians upon a variety of first generation Greek Australians’ artistic expression was examined. Exploring both direct and indirect influence of elements of Greek and Aboriginal Australian cultures evident in artistic works (including theatre arts, painting, photography, music and dance), my current research focuses on how this blending has transcended through the filter of second generation Australians of Greek and Koori parentage, as well as of Aborigines, Anglo-Australians and members of other immigrant groups, and how this has been transformed and exhibited by them, thus being “recreated” artistically. ItemBlogging: the use of digital representation of the migration experience(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015) Palaktsoglou, Maria; Shialis, Maria; Sutcliffe, KatherineTo understand the migrant experience, researchers have traditionally used methods such as ethnography and the analysis of written records to analyse the process of migration; however a new primary source – new-media or digital records – is becoming more and more relevant to the field. The new primary sources take many forms, but a common new-medium, used by those migrating from Greece in the second decade of the twenty-first century, is that of blogs. This preliminary and exploratory study seeks to examine blogs written by people choosing to leave Greece. Using a qualitative analysis of themes extrapolated from blog posts, both personal and practical, this study illustrates themes discussed by bloggers to communicate their experience, and suggests further uses for new-media in the field of migration studies. ItemCoping with school bullying: a cross national pilot intervention study(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand (MGSAANZ), 2013-07) Skrzypiec, Grace; Slee, Phillip T; Roussi-Vergou, Christina; Andreou, EleniIn Australia and Greece the issue of school bullying is a significant concern of educators and students. While victims are not to be blamed for being bullied, research suggests that the strategies utilised by victims to cope with bullying may inadvertently reinforce victimisation. This paper will outline the successful Australian “Coping with School Bullying” (CWSB) program, including the use of a translated Greek version of the CWSB DVD, and describe the outcomes of the replication of the CWSB questionnaire with Greek students to identify effective and ineffective coping. Preliminary research conducted in Greek schools indicates that the CWSB program was successful in significantly reducing bullying amongst Greek students who had reported being seriously bullied pre-program. The intervention will now be rolled out to a larger number of schools in Greece in 2013. ItemCopper and foreign investment: the development of the mining industry in Cyprus during the Great Depression(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Apostolides, AlexanderThis paper evaluates the impact of the rapid growth of mining on the Cypriot economy during the period 1921–1938, with special focus on the expansion of copper sulphate mining. During this period the industry was transformed by companies such as the Cyprus Mining Corporation (CMC) and this affected the whole economy and society. The island was for the first time inundated with substantial foreign direct investment, which encouraged technological adaptation and altered labour relations; as such there has been a debate on how beneficial was mining for the economy at that time. Using substantial primary data we estimated output (GDP share), employment and productivity estimates for the mining industry, as well as profit estimates for the foreign mining firms through the use of a counterfactual. The data allows us to argue that mining was very beneficial in increasing labour productivity and earning foreign exchange, but also highlights that the economic and social benefits for the economy were less than those suggested by the colonial authorities due to mass exports of profits. ItemDoes Achilles Forgive in the Iliad? The Archaic Origins of the Virtue of Forgivingness(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2017) Smith, Lucy MIn Before Forgiveness, David Konstan argues that the modern concept of interpersonal forgiveness was absent from Western thought until the early modern period. However, by “the modern” concept of the term, Konstan means one specific modern conception of forgiveness: that articulated by Griswold in Forgiveness, a conception unique amongst modern scholarship in its narrow, revisionary and prescriptive nature. In this paper I consider Konstan’s argument with respect to archaic Greece. I argue that, even when we limit ourselves to Griswold’s conception of interpersonal forgiveness, and to the two Iliadic examples considered by Konstan, there is more room for interpersonal forgiveness in the Iliad than Konstan would have us believe. I will show that examination of Achilles’ renunciation of his resentment at Agamemnon in Iliad 18 and Priam in Iliad 24 reveals the earliest depiction in Western literature of the virtue of forgivingness. ItemDon Dunstan & Cyprus: the1957 "Fact-Finding Mission" and beyond(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015) Shialis, MariaThis paper examines for the first time the relationship Don Dunstan, the Member of Parliament for Norwood (1953–1979) and Premier of South Australia (1967–1968 and 1970–1979) had with the Cypriot population of South Australia. It analyses primary resources, such as oral history testimonies, Dunstan’s manuscripts and archival material, along with secondary resources, such as newspaper articles and books. The findings indicate Dunstan played a significant role within the Cypriot and wider community throughout his political career. ItemEuclid's geometry: the case of contradiction(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2019) Mortensen, ChrisThis paper surveys Euclid’s geometry. After raising philosophical questions about the relation between the diagrams and the words, the question is raised concerning how there can be a diagram appropriate to a reductio ad absurdum proof, which by definition operates with a contradiction. This leads us to discover two different kinds of proof of contradiction, one kind in Euclid’s reductios, and the other kind features in the images of the Impossible Figures movement. ItemEvangelising Zeus: the Iliad according to Loukanes(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2019) Dourou, CalliopeAs early as the fourth century AD, and despite the unflagging efforts of the emperor Julian, known by the sobriquet the Apostate, to thwart the Christians from forging an abiding bond with classical literature, the process of amalgamation of the Greek literary heritage with the emerging Christian culture was already underway spawned primarily by the writings of the Cappadocian Church Fathers, for whom Homer continued to hold the highly esteemed position of the educator of the Greeks. Against this rich backdrop of Christian détournement of the Homeric legacy, the present article seeks to explore the Christian resonances in Nikolaos Loukanes’ 1526 Iliad. Rather than banishing the Olympian gods from his Iliad, as his Byzantine predecessor Konstantinos Hermoniakos had done in the fourteenth century cleaving to his faith, Loukanes opts to depict the gods, albeit through the lens of contemporary Christian beliefs. ItemExile and the (im)possible nostos: Greek autofiction and politics in the 1970s(Modern Greek Studies Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015) Ioannidou, StavriniThis paper considers Vassilikos’ Γλαύκος Θρασάκης (written in 1973–4) and Axioti’s Η Κάδμω (written in 1971–2) as postmodern narratives of exile, against the politics of their time. What is essentially new about my reading is that it is informed by the theoretical discourse of autofiction — a term devised by Serge Doubrovsky in 1977. Αutofiction encompasses fictional texts that are at the crossroads between the autobiography and the novel. Both texts oscillate between the two aforementioned writing tropes and are based on the authors’ experience of exile. I shall investigate why two politically engaged writers produced “autofictions” during the final years of the dictatorship. Building upon existing argumentation suggesting that the political condition in Greece encouraged postmodern literary modes (Papanikolaou, 2005), I shall argue that Axioti and Vassilikos formulated a Greek version of autofiction avant la lettre in order to articulate the identity of the writer in exile. ItemFaces beyond the Greek café: the traditional diversity of Greek-Australian occupational pursuits, 1820s–2010(Flinders University Department of Language Studies - Modern Greek, 2013-06) Janiszewski, Leonard; Alexakis, EffyFrom the late nineteenth century until the closing decades of the twentieth century, Greeks played a large part in Australia’s food catering industry. They continued, nevertheless, to enter a wide variety of occupations. These included: agricultural and pastoral activities, mining, sea-related industries, itinerant work, secondary industries, public life, professional fields, and artistic and sporting avenues. Moreover, their contribution in some activities proved significant. This paper firmly challenges the entrenched, popular stereotype of Greek-Australians as being historically defined as essentially a collection of fish’n’chip shop owners and café and milk bar proprietors. Rather, their complex and broad involvement in Australia’s mainstream development over the last two hundred years is clearly revealed, acknowledged and celebrated.